Phone: +92-334-9277881

How to register or incorporate University and get it Chartered

According to HEC (The Higher Commission of Pakistan) www.hec.gov.pk following are the Key points for establishing a University in the private sector

HEC realizes that the public sector is unable to cope with the surging demand of higher education from the student community and there is a need to encourage the private sector.

 The present document sets out the revised criteria/norms as approved by the Cabinet on 27th February 2002 and amendments approved on 4th October, 2006 for the establishment of a new university or a degree awarding institute and lays down the procedures for their establishment and seeking degree awarding status or the charter of a university by the Federal or the respective Provincial Governments.

Procedure For The Establishment Of A New University Or An Institution Of Higher Education

The establishment of a university is a multi-step process. It
involves fulfilling the legal formalities as well as making available the
required physical, human and financial resources. The next step is to
meet the academic and other requirements and submission of
feasibility report to the HEC or a concerned Education Department of
the Provincial Government. Subsequent to the clearance of feasibility
stage, the next stage is the physical inspection of the facilities and
infrastructure. Subject to satisfactory clearance of inspection, the
institution concerned shall submit the case to Higher Education
Commission if it is desired to have charter from the Federal
Government for its governance. The case will be submitted to the
Provincial Education Department if the charter from the Provincial
Government is needed.

 

 


GUIDELINES
FOR
THE ESTABLISHMENT
OF
A NEW UNIVERSITY
OR
AN INSTITUTION OF HIGHER
EDUCATION
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION
ISLAMABAD—PAKISTAN
ii
Price Rs.200/-
Fifth Edition 2007
Published by Higher Education Commission
H-9, Islamabad — Pakistan
iii
CONTENTS
Introduction .............................................................................. 01
Procedure for the establishment of a new
university or an institution of higher education ........................ 02
Criteria for the establishment of a new
university or an institution of higher education ....................... 04
Conditions governing the establishment of
a new university or an institution of higher education .............. 05
Framework of governance......................................................... 12
Notes for guidance .................................................................... 13

APPENDICES
APPENDIX-I Form PU-01 - General institutional
requirements proforma for the
establishment of a university or
an institution of higher education .................. 16
APPENDIX-II Form PU-03 - Inspection proforma....................22
APPENDIX-III Federal Universities Model Ordinance 2002 ....29
APPENDIX-IV Self-check list for the feasibility report........... 63
APPENDIX-V Form PU-02 - Criteria/Norms for the
establishment of a new university................... 68
Form PI-02 - Criteria/Norms for the
establishment of an institution of
higher education.............................................. 76
iv
v
FOREWORD
This is the 5th edition of the “Guidelines on the establishment of a
New University or an Institution of Higher Education”. The main
highlight of the edition is that it incorporates the revised criteria/norms
on the subject approved by the Cabinet on 27th February, 2002 and
later amendments approved on 4th October, 2006. The fact that the
matter has been taken up at the highest level shows the keen interest
of the Government to regulate the sector, which has recently shown
unrestrained growth and lack of discipline. While public-private
participation remains the crucial component of the policy of the
Government as reflected in the “Education Sector Reforms: Strategic
Plan 2001-2004” and the “National Education Policy 1998-2010”,
there is also a realization for greater policy role of the Government.
Another significant development is that the revised criteria as decided
by the Cabinet, shall be applicable for both the private and public
sector institutions and there shall be no discrimination in respect of
conditions and norms for setting up a new university or an institution.
Hopefully, the more stringent criteria for both the sectors will bring in
much needed order for improving the quality of higher education, in
addition to increasing access to higher education.
Despite rapid expansion of higher education, the public sector, in view
of resource constraints, is unable to cope with the escalating demand
for more places in the universities. There is a big demand for science,
technology, business and other emerging disciplines. This is a new
trend in higher education from supply-driven to demand-oriented
higher education, which augurs well for socio-economic development
of the country.
Many of the entrepreneurs who are contemplating to establish such
institutions may not be sure about the regulatory framework and will
find the present brochure a useful document for their information and
guidance.
Dr. S. Sohail H. Naqvi
Executive Director
Higher Education Commission
Islamabad
1
GUIDELINES FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A NEW
UNIVERSITY OR AN INSTITUTION
OF HIGHER EDUCATION
1. Introduction
1.1 The provisions of the “Education Sector Reforms: Strategic
Plan 2001-2004” and the “National Education Policy 1998-2010” of
the Government of Pakistan highlight the importance of higher
education and the need for greater investment by the public and
private sectors. It is also realized that the public sector is unable to
cope with the surging demand of higher education from the student
community and there is a need to encourage the private sector.
Accordingly, the Government is pursuing a liberal policy towards this
sector. This is reflected in the establishment of 70 new
universities/degree awarding institutes since October 1999, a record
number in the history of Pakistan.
1.2 These developments usher in a new beginning in public and
private partnership. Hopefully, this will fulfill the escalating demands
of the student population for higher education. The combination of
private and public sectors, it is hoped, will not only start a healthy
tradition of competition but will also lead to the establishment of high
quality educational institutions in market oriented disciplines and will
also pioneer diversity of educational degree programmes.
1.3 The present document sets out the revised criteria/norms as
approved by the Cabinet on 27th February 2002 and amendments
approved on 4th October, 2006 for the establishment of a new
university or a degree awarding institute and lays down the procedures
for their establishment and seeking degree awarding status or the
charter of a university by the Federal or the respective Provincial
Governments. It identifies various legal, organizational, financial and
other related formalities/requirements, which need to be fulfilled and
adhered to for submission of feasibility report, inspection and
acquiring a charter for the institution. It also provides the criteria and
framework of governance for guidance of the entrepreneurs.
1.4 The scope of the document is confined to providing
guidelines, which have been prescribed by the Federal Government
for establishing institutions in the public and private sectors in all
2
areas of the country, as necessitated by the Chancellors’ Committee in
its 1st meeting held on May 11, 2004.
2
PROCEDURE FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A NEW
UNIVERSITY OR AN INSTITUTION OF
HIGHER EDUCATION
2.1 The establishment of a university is a multi-step process. It
involves fulfilling the legal formalities as well as making available the
required physical, human and financial resources. The next step is to
meet the academic and other requirements and submission of
feasibility report to the HEC or a concerned Education Department of
the Provincial Government. Subsequent to the clearance of feasibility
stage, the next stage is the physical inspection of the facilities and
infrastructure. Subject to satisfactory clearance of inspection, the
institution concerned shall submit the case to Higher Education
Commission if it is desired to have charter from the Federal
Government for its governance. The case will be submitted to the
Provincial Education Department if the charter from the Provincial
Government is needed.
2.2 Completion of legal formalities
2.2.1 The first step in connection with the establishment of a new
university or an institution of higher education is the fulfilment of
legal formalities and registration by the sponsoring body under the
relevant regulations of the Companies Ordinance/Societies
Registration Act/Trust Act as a Foundation/Society or a Trust
constituted. This formality is not required in case the institution is
desired to be established in the public sector.
2.3 Submission of feasibility report
2.3.1 Following the completion of preliminary legal requirements,
the authorized representative of the sponsor/s shall submit a
3
comprehensive feasibility report in accordance with the General
Institutional Requirements Proforma (Form PU-01) along with a nonrefundable
bank draft/pay order of Rs.20,000/- in the name of the
Higher Education Commission as a fee for the evaluation of the
feasibility report. An application shall be considered only when the
fee is credited to the account of the HEC and the agency has fulfilled
all the formalities. The application shall be made to the Chairman,
HEC along with five copies of the Feasibility Report including the
soft copy.
2.4 Scrutiny
2.4.1 On the basis of the documents submitted by an institution, the
HEC will determine whether or not there is a prima facie case for
further considering the application. The applicant institution will be
informed accordingly. If the Commission finds that there is a prima
facie case for further consideration, the feasibility report shall be
thoroughly scrutinized by a panel appointed by the HEC. The panel
will assess the application and may ask for additional information or
recommend the case for preliminary inspection of the institution.
2.5 Site inspection
2.5.1 If the HEC finds that the institution has made a good case
after the clearance of the feasibility report, the HEC shall appoint an
Inspection Committee which will conduct a preliminary sitevisit/inspection
of the institution for physical verification of the
infrastructure and available facilities with evidence and for satisfying
itself and that the institution has the ability and capacity to run the
academic programmes. An inspection fee of Rs. 30,000/- shall be
charged, which will be payable in advance through a non-refundable
bank draft/pay order in the name of the HEC by the institution
concerned. The visit will require meeting with administrators,
teaching staff, students and support services staff. A visit to the library
and other learning resources will also be conducted.
2.6 Recommendation for grant of charter
2.6.1 The Inspection Committee will report its findings to the
HEC. In case of satisfactory report of inspection, the draft charter
4
based on the Federal Universities Ordinance (FUO), 2002 of the HEC
as contained in this document will be vetted by the HEC. After
consideration of the draft charter vis-à-vis provisions of FUO, 2002,
the HEC will recommend the case for grant of Charter to the Federal
Government or the Provincial Government, as the case may be.
2.7 Grant of charter
2.7.1 Charter will be granted subject to the jurisdiction either by
the Parliament/President of Pakistan or a Provincial Assembly/
Governor of a province, as the case may be.
3
CRITERIA AND REQUIREMENTS FOR THE
ESTABLISHMENT OF A NEW UNIVERSITY OR AN
INSTITUTE OF HIGHER EDUCATION
3.1 Institutions normally apply to the concerned Government
where they are situated. In case the institution is located in the federal
territory, the application shall be made to the HEC. In case an
institution is based in a provincial territory, the application shall be
addressed to the concerned Provincial Education Department. The
Chancellors’ Committee in its first meeting held on May 11, 2004
necessitated that each Provincial Government will follow the Cabinet
Criteria for evaluation and grant of charter. In case of grant of
provincial charter, the HEC is usually consulted by the Provincial
Governments. For this purpose, the clearance by the HEC shall help in
facilitating the grant of charter.
3.2.1 The organizational, legal, financial and other related
formalities and requirements, including the submission of a feasibility
report are outlined in the general institutional requirements proforma
and space norms as in Forms PU-01 and PU-02 and PI-02 These
guidelines pertain to registration, availability of infrastructure and
adequate financial resources, proposed programme of study,
development of academic programme, teaching staff, admission
5
criteria, fee structure, quality assurance mechanisum, student
supervision, assessment and examination etc. The main points of the
criteria and requirements are highlighted for information of the
entrepreneurs.
3.2.2 General institutional requirements
3.3.1 The essential requirements for meeting institutional formalities
are detailed in Form PU-01 and may be categorized under the following
main headings:
♦ Registration as a legal entity
♦ Premises and availability of physical resources
♦ Organization and governance
♦ Administrative and academic staffing
♦ Student body and student support services
♦ Programmes of study and courses of study
♦ Teaching and learning
♦ Examination and assessment
♦ Quality assurance mechanism, student supervision and
♦ Budget & Finance
4
CONDITIONS GOVERNING THE ESTABLISHMENT
OF A NEW UNIVERSITY OR AN INSTITUTION OF
HIGHER EDUCATION
4.1 The provisions for the establishment of a new university or a
degree awarding institution shall be governed by the following
conditionalities:
4.2 Legal and procedural
i) That the sponsoring body should be a Society/Trust or a
Foundation registered/constituted under the relevant regulations
6
of Companies Ordinance/Trust Act/Societies Registration Act.
This shall not be required in case the institution is in the public
sector;
ii) A copy of the registration deed along with a Memorandum of
association will be supplied to examine the objectives and
credentials of the members. A brief profile of each member of
management should also be provided;
iii) That the sponsoring body/institution shall apply to the HEC and
submit 5 copies of the feasibility report/corporate plan
including the soft copy keeping in view the General
Institutional Requirements Proforma as per Form PU-01.
4.3 Institutional and academic
i) That the site selected for the institution must be suitable from
academic point of view. Sustainable physical viability,
availability of water, electricity, fuel gas, telephones, building
materials, furniture and labour for construction etc., must be
ensured;
ii) That the building in which the educational institution is to be
located must be suitable, and that provision will be made in
conformity with the statutes and the regulations for a) the
residence of students, not residing with their parents or
guardians, in the hostels established and maintained by the
institution, b) the supervision, physical and general welfare of
students;
iii) That the HEC shall satisfy itself that the Body has the
physical, human and financial resources to establish a viable
institution;
iv) In case of a university, the sponsor shall have to make
available at least 10 acres (3 acres in city and 7 acres on city
fringes) and in case of an institute at least 3-1/3 acres of land,
depending on the location having potential for further
development. Virtual universities, however, shall be excluded
from the condition of land;
7
v) Any degree awarding institution of higher education having
four or more departments will be eligible for title of a
university. Any institution having less than four departments
will be eligible for grant of charter as a degree awarding
institute;
vi) Particular criteria/norms in respect of various aspects of
setting up a new university or an institution, such as,
departments, teaching and non-teaching staff, lecture halls,
libraries, laboratories, internet, hostel, composition of Board
of Governors etc. shall be as detailed at Form PU-02 and PI02;

vii) That in drawing up the organizational structure of the
institution (into faculties, departments etc.), the standard and
quality of teaching and efficiency of the system must be
ensured;
viii) That an appropriate regulatory framework and mechanism is
provided for regulating academic and administrative matters
of the institution;
ix) That the educational institution has framed proper rules
regarding the efficiency and discipline of its staff and other
employees;
x) That the strength and qualifications of teaching and other
staff, and the terms and conditions of their service are
adequate;
xi) That provision has been made for library and laboratory
facilities and other practical work as detailed in Form PU-02
and PI-02;
xii) That at least 10% of students be granted fee exemptions and
scholarships on need basis;
xiii) That 10% of the institutional budget is specified for research;
8
xiv) That where an educational institution desires to add to the
courses of instruction in respect of which it has been
approved, the procedure prescribed for accreditation shall, as
far as possible, be followed;
xv) The powers to grant affiliation to any institution shall be
available to a University which has built in quality criteria,
judged by the HEC;
xvi) That permission granted shall be restricted to a specified
place and a particular course/degree. No sub-campus, branch
or outpost shall be established or franchised without the prior
approval of the HEC.
xvii) Campuses located in one city of a private university/
institution will be considered collectively as one unit for the
application of the criteria. However, the campus of a private
university/institution located in other cities would be treated
as a new institution and the same criteria will be applicable to
each campus.
9
4.4 Financial
i) That subject to the satisfaction of HEC, the institution is
financially stable and has the ability to sustain a regular
functioning on a long-term basis;
ii) That the financial resources of the institution are sufficient to
enable it to make due provision for its continued maintenance
and efficient working. For this purpose the sponsor shall be
required to create a non-transferable Endowment Fund in the
name of the Society or Trust, as the case may be. Endowment
Fund shall be invested in the name of the institution or
university as under:
In case of a new university
Endowment Fund
(Secured in the name of
Trust/ Society)
Rs.50.0 million
(not applicable in case of
public sector university)
Tangible assets in the
form of
land/building etc.
Rs.100.0 million
Working Capital. Rs.50.0 million
(not applicable in case of
public sector university)
Total: Rs.200.0 million
In case of a new degree awarding institute
of higher education
Endowment Fund
(Secured in the name of
Trust/Society
Rs.15.0 million
Tangible assets in the
form of
land/building etc.
Rs.25.0 million
Working Capital Rs.10.0 million
Total: Rs.50.0 million
10
The Endowment Fund may be established in the form of
profitable investments such as certificates, shares, units etc.
The value of investment, however, will be determined on
actual or face value and profit accrued thereon is to be
utilized for academic development of the
university/institution. The university/institute is required to
furnish proof of such an investment. The investment as
Endowment Fund would be liable for periodic monitoring
by the Higher Education Commission.
iii) That the institution shall furnish such reports, returns and
other relevant information as the HEC may require, to enable
it to judge the financial sustainability and soundness of the
sponsors.
iv) Double entry system accounts shall be maintained by the
institution;
v) Each institution shall have its annual accounts audited by the
competent auditors.
4.5 Constitutional and cultural
i) The university/institute shall be required to strictly comply with
the constitutional provisions, ideology of Pakistan and law and
abide by social, religious, ethical and cultural ethos and values
and respect cultural and religious sensitivities;
ii) The university/institute shall have to work within the
framework of the Education Policy and other law or policy
framed/amended by the Government of Pakistan/Provincial
Government/HEC from time to time;
iii) That the institution must restrict to teaching, research and cocurricular
activities. Political or other activities detrimental to
national, religious, social or local culture shall not be
undertaken.
11
4.6 Monitoring
i) That the institution shall furnish such reports, returns and
other information as the HEC may require, enabling it to
judge the efficiency and effectiveness of the institution;
ii) The HEC or the Education Department of the concerned
Province shall be competent to carry out periodic inspections
and monitoring and visitation as may be determined from
time to time;
iii) That the establishment and continuation of arrangements
shall be subject to visitation/monitoring by the HEC or the
Education Department of the concerned Province and that the
institution strictly follows the rules framed by the concerned
from time to time;
iv) That the HEC or the Education Department of the concerned
Province may call upon any educational institution to take
such action as may appear necessary in respect of any of the
matters specified under any law for the time being in force or
any rules of the concerned bodies;
v) That the HEC or the Education Department of the concerned
Province shall have full powers to take any such action,
including closure of an institution, if it has been found
indulging in any subversive or unlawful activity, or it
avoids/overlooks provisions of laws etc.;
vi) The HEC would be the competent authority to grant
accreditation, validate courses and syllabi of the
university/institute, which shall be subject to quality standards
set by the HEC. The accreditation will be withdrawn if found
that the institution is unable to satisfactorily demonstrate its
ability and commitment to achieve and maintain national
academic standards;
vii) The university/institute shall be liable to provide facilities to the
representatives of the HEC, the Pakistan Engineering Council,
Pakistan Medical and Dental Council or such similar relevant
12
organizations for visitation to enable them to verify that the
university/institute is maintaining appropriate academic
standards.
4.7 Space criteria and norms
4.7.1 The desirable space standards for establishing a University or
an institution of higher education are laid down in Form PU-02 and
PI-02.
4.8 Inspection requirements
4.8.1 In order to physically verify the infrastructure and available
facilities, the inspection team may like to conduct a detailed
survey of the institution with regard to physical, human,
financial and academic resources. The institution will also be
required to submit a written statement as per Inspection
Proforma (Form PU-03).
4.9 Visitation
4.9.1 The Senate of the University/Institution may, in accordance with
the terms and procedures as may be prescribed, cause an inspection to be
made in respect of any matter connected with the University/Institution.
5
FRAMEWORK OF GOVERNANCE
5.1 The model framework of the governance of a university or an
institution of higher education has been provided for the information of
the concerned (See Appendix-III).
5.2 Salient features of the framework
5.2.1 An institution with a minimum of four or more departments
will be eligible for the charter of a university. An institution, having less
13
than four departments, will be eligible for grant of charter as a degree
awarding institute.
5.2.2 The Senate of a private/public sector institution should consist
of the following:
i) the Chancellor who shall be the Chairperson of the Senate;
ii) the Vice-Chancellor;
iii) one member of the Government not below the rank of
Additional Secretary from the Ministry of Education or any
other department relevant to the special focus of the
University;
iv) four persons from society at large being persons of distinction
in the fields of administration, management, education,
academics, law, accountancy, medicine, fine arts, architecture,
agriculture, science, technology and engineering such that the
appointment of these persons reflects a balance across the
various fields:
Provided that the special focus or affiliation of the
University, to be declared in the manner prescribed, may
be reflected in the number of persons of distinction in an
area of expertise relevant to the University who are
appointed to the Senate;
v) one person from amongst the alumni of the University;
vi) two persons from the academic community of the country,
other than an employee of the University, at the level of
professor or principal of a college;
vii) four University Teachers; and
viii) one person nominated by the Higher Education Commission.
6
NOTES FOR GUIDANCE
6.1 The following notes are submitted for additional information
in connection with the requirements for submission.
14
6.1.1 Physical resources and support services: Details of the institution,
such as purpose and functions, administrative and management
infrastructure, constitution and composition of authorities, their
functions and registration status and other details should also be
provided. Availability of physical facilities such as building, furniture,
laboratories, computers, library, gas, electricity, telephone, water,
road, parking, playing grounds and hostel facilities be spelled out.
6.1.2 Human resources/faculty: The quality of staff, their qualifications
and experience, are of paramount importance. A list of
teaching, technical and administrative staff, along with brief
curriculum vitae of academic staff be provided.
6.1.3 Curriculum & programme of study: The standard of courses
should be consistent and comparable in standards with similar
institutions in the country. It should ensure the realization of its aims
and objectives and specify the knowledge and skills to be developed.
6.1.4 Academic structure in terms of departments, faculties: The
identification and classification of roles, responsibilities and terms of
reference of Boards of Studies, Academic Council/Committees etc.,
should be clearly spelled out.
6.1.5 Admission regulations: Regulations for admission, entry
standard and the required qualification for admission in a particular
course should be clearly identified.
6.1.6 Tuition fee framework: The details of fee, admission and
other charges should be given separately.
6.1.7 Examination & assessment (external perspective): Information
on the assessment system, regulations and examinations
should be provided.
6.1.8 Student supervision and quality assurance: Students need to
receive proper academic supervision. The institutions need to ensure
the provision of adequate learning resources. Quality assurance
arrangements and professional level of administrative & technical
support for quality assurance are to be provided.
6.1.9 Representation of public sector agencies: Representation of
public bodies like the Ministry of Education/HEC, Chamber of
Commerce & Industries and Provincial Government etc., should be
ensured.
15
6.1.10 Adequate financial resources and institution of endowment:
For purpose of financial viability, adequate financial resources in the
form of endowment etc., as specified must be ensured.
6.1.11 Self-check list: A self-check list for submission of the
feasibility report is given at Appendix-IV for information of the
sponsors.
16
Appendix-I
Form PU-01
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION
Sector H-9, Islamabad
URL: www.hec.gov.pk
GENERAL INSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENTS
PROFORMA FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A NEW
UNIVERSITY OR AN INSTITUTION OF
HIGHER EDUCATION
1. Executive summary of the project
1.1 Development of proposal and justification
1.2 Philosophy/objectives
1.3 Demonstration with reference to need/s of the society and
facilities proposed to be created in relation to the market
demand
1.4 Social benefits to be achieved.
2. Sponsorship
2.1 Registered body, association, federation, trust, foundation,
NGO etc.
2.2 Governing body
2.3 Funding sources
2.3.1 Initial investment
2.3.2 Recurring expenses/endowment/trust.
3. Location
3.1 Proposed site, area
3.2 Justification with reference to demographic requirements and
availability of present facilities in the area.
4. Physical Facilities
4.1 Infrastructure available
4.1.1 Land
17
4.1.2 Building: administration, academic, library,
laboratories, hostels, halls, sports grounds and other
facilities
4.1.3 Equipment, office and laboratories
4.1.4 Books, journals, other publications
4.1.5 Furniture, fixtures
4.1.6 Others.
4.2 Infrastructure proposed
4.2.1 Land
4.2.2 Building, administration, academic, library,
laboratories, hostels, halls, sports grounds and other
facilities
4.2.3 Equipment
4.2.4 Books, journals, other publications
4.2.5 Furniture, fixtures
4.2.6 Others.
5. Proposed programme of study
5.1 Degrees, diplomas, certificates to be awarded
5.2 Name and duration of courses/programmes
5.3 Mode of evaluation
6. Curriculum
6.1 Proposed structure/scheme of studies
6.2 Details of courses, level-wise
6.3 Management of practical training
7. Development of academic programmes
7.1 Phases
7.2 Development schedule
8. Academic structure in terms of departments, faculties
8.1 Names of departments and faculties
8.2 Constitution & composition of course committees
8.3 Constitution and composition of board of studies, academic
council/committee.
18
9. Admissions
9.1 General policy
9.2 Number of students to be enrolled, level-wise
9.3 Procedures and criteria of admission.
10. Fee structure
10.1 Admission fee, annual tuition fee, other dues (to be specified)
10.2 Scholarships, bursaries, assistantships, if any.
11. Examination and assessment
11.1 Information on assessment system, regulations of
examinations
11.2 Mechanism of assessment and examinations
11.3 Arrangements for monitoring quality of teaching and learning
and students performance.
12. Quality assurance and student supervision
12.1 Arrangement for academic supervision of students
12.2 Arrangements for quality assurance
12.3 Level of administrative and technical support for quality
assurance.
13. Students
13.1 Total number of students enrolled in the institution
13.2 Enrolment of students level-wise
13.3 Output of students level-wise for the past 3 years (if any).
14. Faculty/Staff
14.1 Faculty strength, qualifications, pay scales, criteria of
selection (level-wise)
14.2 Visiting, associates and others
14.3 Administrative and supporting staff.
19
15. National and International collaboration, if any
15.1 Collaborating agencies/institutions
15.2 Nature of collaboration/linkage/s
15.3 Method and extent of collaboration/linkage/s.
16. Financial Plan
16.1 Viable financial propositions over a period of 5 to 10 years.
Also provide an analytical-descriptive plan both for sources
and utilization of recurring and non-recurring expenditure.
16.2 Sources of yearly income
16.3 Non-recurring/development, cost
16.4 Capital cost estimates.
Phase-I Phase-II Phase-III
a). Land
i. land donation
ii. land acquisition by Act
iii. land purchased
b). Buildings
i. Academic buildings
ii. Office buildings
iii. Residential buildings
iv. Students hostels
v. Amenity buildings including playground
vi. Others
c). Equipment
i. Laboratory equipment
ii. Office equipment and machinery
iii. Machinery and tools for academic purposes
d). Furniture
i. Furniture for academic purposes including Library
ii. Furniture for hostel
iii. Office furniture
iv. Furniture - residential
20
e). Transport
i. For official use
ii. For students
iii. For academic & research
f). Administration
i. Academic support staff
ii. Administration staff
iii. Maintenance staff
iv. Service staff
g). Faculty
i. Teaching
ii. Research
16.5 Recurring income
a). Receipts
i. Grants
ii. Donations
iii. Gifts
iv. Assets and investment income
v. Endowment income
vi. Survey/project & research income
b). Fee
i. Regular
ii. Casual
iii. Miscellaneous
16.6 Recurring expenditure
16.6.1 Pay and Allowances
16.6.2 Maintenance
16.6.3 Purchase
16.6.4 Utilities
16.6.5 Running laboratory expenses
16.6.6 Examinations
16.6.7 Consumable
16.6.8 Stores
21
17. Pert chart (indicating phase-wise activities for establish-
ment of institution)
Project
(5 Years)
Phase-I
(5 Years)
Phase-II
(5 Years)
Phase III
17.1 Investment by sponsors
17.2 Fund raising
17.3 Building - equipment - furniture
17.4 Charter
17.5 Curricula
17.6 Academic programmes
17.7 Faculty
17.8 Students
17.9 Others
18. Additional information, if any.
22
Appendix-II
Form PU-03
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION
Sector H-9, Islamabad
URL: www.hec.gov.pk
INSPECTION PROFORMA FOR A UNIVERSITY/AN
INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION
(Note: Please answer every question clearly and fully. Extra sheets may be attached
where necessary).
1. General
1.1 Name of the Institution, address and telephone/fax No.
1.2 Year of establishment
1.3 Name of the controlling authority/Chief Executive
1.4 Name, designation and qualifications of the Head of the
institution
1.5 Name of the Registered Society/body, trust, foundation,
NGO etc.
1.6 Governing body, its composition and other relevant details.
2. Physical Facilities
2.1 Infrastructure available (Please give details under each head,
stating clearly whether owned, rented or shared)
2.1.1 Land
2.1.2 Total covered area of the campus both for
administration and academic purpose
2.1.3 No. of rooms and area of the administration building
2.1.4 Total No. of class rooms, their size
2.1.5 Details of the library, laboratories, workshops,
equipment and hostels buildings
2.1.6 Details of the office equipment, furniture and
fixtures
2.1.7 No. of quarters/residences at the campus for
teaching staff
23
2.1.8 No. of quarters/residences at the campus for
teaching staff
2.1.9 No. of books (subject-wise), journals, other
publications
2.1.10 Details of sports grounds and other facilities
2.1.11 Position of gas, water and electricity fittings
2.1.12 Others.
2.2 Infrastructure proposed (Please give details under
each head)
2.2.1 Land
2.2.2 Proposed site, area
2.2.3 Total covered area of the campus both for
administration and academic purpose
2.2.4 No. of rooms and area of the administration building
including conference hall
2.2.5 Total No. of class rooms, their size
2.2.6 Details of the library, laboratories, workshops,
equipment and hostels buildings
2.2.7 Details of the office equipment, furniture and
fixtures
2.2.8 No. of quarters/residences at the campus for
teaching staff
2.2.9 No. of books (subject-wise), journals, other
publications
2.2.10 Details of sports grounds and other facilities
2.2.11 Transport vehicles
2.2.12 Others.
2.3 Laboratories
2.3.1 What is the number and size of laboratories and
workshops?
2.3.2 Are the laboratories and workshops fitted with
electricity, gas and water?
2.3.3 Give a list of apparatus and equipment in each subject.
2.3.4 What amount has been allocated for laboratory
equipment and apparatus in the current year budget?
2.4 Library
2.4.1 Is there proper building for the library? Give size of
the library building
24
2.4.2 Total number of books in the library
2.4.3 Total number of reference books
2.4.4 Whether textbooks are available in each subject. If so,
number of copies of each textbook may be given.
2.4.5 What journals and newspapers are subscribed for the
library?
2.4.6 How many students can be accommodated in the
reading room?
2.4.7 Has a librarian been employed?
2.4.8 What are the qualifications of the librarian?
2.4.9 What is the total amount allocated for the library in the
current year budget?
2.4.10 (a) Recurring, (b) Non-recurring.
2.5 Hostels
2.5.1 What provision has been made for the residence of
students?
2.5.2 What is the maximum number of boarders that can be
lodged in the hostel?
2.5.3 Is there any arrangement of Mess? Is it subsidized by
the institution or run entirely from the students
contribution?
2.5.4 Is there a common room?
2.5.5 What is the arrangement for medical aid?
2.5.6 What are the qualifications of the Warden?
2.5.7 Does the Warden reside inside or near the hostel?
2.6 Playgrounds
2.6.1 Games for which the institution has made provision.
Give details of playground/s.
2.6.2 Are the playgrounds near the institution or the hostel?
2.6.3 Did the institution participate in any national or interprovincial
tournament?
2.6.4 Has the institution employed a whole time physical
instructor?
2.6.5 What are the qualifications of the physical instructor?
2.6.6 What is the arrangement for Physio-Medical
examination of students?
2.6.7 Is there a provision for gymnasium and athletics?
25
2.7 Transport
2.7.1 For official use
2.7.2 For students
2.7.3 For academic & research
3. Students
3.1 Total number of students enrolled in the institution
3.2 Enrolment of students level-wise
3.3 Output of students level-wise for the past 3 years, if
any.
4. Faculty/Staff
4.1 Faculty strength, Names of members of teaching
staff, their qualifications, designations, experience,
pay scales and
4.2 Mode of appointment of teaching staff and criteria of
selection (level-wise). Copies of the service rules
including efficiency and disciplines rules to be
attached.
4.3 Total number of non-teaching, administrative and
supporting staff, their designation, qualifications and
experience. Copies of service rules to be provided.
5. Academic structure in terms of departments, faculties
5.1 Names of departments and faculties
5.2 Constitution & composition of course committees
5.3 Constitution and composition of board of studies,
academic council/committee.
6. Degree programme of study (both current and proposed)
6.1 Degrees, diplomas, certificates to be awarded
6.2 Name and duration of courses/programmes
6.3 Mode of evaluation (semester, annual, term system)
7. Development of academic programmes
7.1 Phases
7.2 Development schedule
26
8. Curriculum (both current and proposed)
8.1 Current structure/scheme of studies
8.2 Details of courses, level-wise
8.3 Management of practical training
8.4 Proposed scheme of studies
9. Admissions
9.1 General policy
9.2 Number of students to be enrolled, level-wise
9.3 Procedures and criteria of admission.
10. Fee structure
10.1 Admission fee, annual tuition fee, other dues (to be
specified)
10.2 Scholarships, bursaries, assistantships, if any.
11. Examination and assessment
11.1 Information on assessment system, regulations of
examinations
11.2 Mechanism of assessment and examinations
11.3 Arrangements for monitoring quality of teaching
and learning and students performance.
12. Quality assurance and student supervision
12.1 Arrangement for academic supervision of students
12.2 Arrangements for quality assurance
12.3 Level of administrative and technical support for
quality assurance.
13. National and international collaboration, if any
13.1 Collaborating agencies/institutions
13.2 Nature of collaboration/linkage/s
13.3 Method and extent of collaboration/linkage/s.
27
14. Budget
14.1 Summary of the annual grant and expenditure of the
institution for the last year
14.2 Sources of yearly income
14.3 Non-recurring/development, cost
14.4 Capital cost estimates.
15. Finances
15.1 State the financial position of the institution and
sources of income to meet the recurring and
developmental expenses of the institution.
15.2 Income-recurring
a). Receipts
i. Grants
ii. Donations
iii. Gifts
iv. Assets and investment income
v. Endowment income
vi. Survey/project & research income.
b). Fee
i. Regular
ii. Casual
iii. Miscellaneous.
16. Recurring expenditure
16.1 Pay and Allowances
16.2 Maintenance
16.3 Purchase
16.4 Utilities
16.5 Running laboratory expenses
16.6 Examinations
16.7 Consumable
16.8 Stores.
17. Additional information, if any.
28
Federal Universities Ordinance (FUO), 2002

ORDINANCE No. CXX OF 2002
AN
ORDINANCE
to constitute and restructure Universities set-up by the Federal Government
WHEREAS it is expedient to provide for the constitution and the
restructuring of universities set up by the Federal Government in order to
provide autonomy while improving governance and management so as to
enhance the quality of higher education in the country;
AND WHEREAS the President is satisfied that circumstances exist
which render it necessary to take immediate action;
NOW, THEREFORE, in pursuance of Proclamation of Emergency
of the fourteenth day of October, 1999, and the Provisional Constitution Order
No. 1 of 1999, read with the Provisional Constitution (Amendment) Order No.
9 of 1999, and in exercise of all powers enabling him in that behalf, the
President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is pleased to make and
promulgate the following Ordinance:-
CHAPTER I
PRELIMINARY
1. Short title, application and commencement.— (1) This
Ordinance may be called the Federal Universities Ordinance, 2002.
(2) The provisions of this Ordinance shall come into force with respect to
the universities listed in the Schedule to the Ordinance on such dates as may be
specified by the Government through notifications in the official Gazette as the
dates of repeal of the Act or Ordinance or other legislative instrument
constituting each of the universities specified in the Schedule.
(3) The Government may through notification in the official Gazette
make additions to the list of universities placed in the Schedule.
(4) This Ordinance shall apply to all universities set up by the
Government after the promulgation date hereof through a notification in the
official Gazette in terms of this Ordinance.
29
2. Definitions: — In this Ordinance unless there is anything
repugnant in the subject or context, —
(a) "Academic Council" means the Academic Council of the
University.
(b) "affiliated college" means an educational institution
affiliated to the University but not maintained or
administered by it;
(c) "Authority" means any of the Authorities of the University
specified or set up in terms of section 15;
(d) "Chancellor" means the Chancellor of the University;
(e) "college" means a constituent college or an affiliated
college;
(f) "Commission" means the Higher Education Commission
set up by the Higher Education Commission Ordinance,
2002 (LIII of 2002);
(g) "constituent college" means an educational institution, by
whatever name described, maintained and administered by
the University;
(h) "Dean" means the head of a Faculty or the head of an
academic body granted the status of a Faculty by this
Ordinance or by the Statutes or Regulations;
(i) "department" means a teaching department maintained and
administered, or recognized by the University in the
manner prescribed;
(j) "Director" means the head of an institute established as a
constituent institution by the University by Statutes or
Regulations in terms of the powers delegated by this
Ordinance;
(k) "Faculty" means an administrative and academic unit of the
University consisting of one or more departments, as
prescribed;
(l) "Government" means the Federal Government;
(m) "prescribed" means prescribed by Statutes, Regulations or
Rules and made under the Ordinance;
(n) "Principal" means the head of a College;
30
(o) "Representation Committees" means the Representation
Committees constituted under section 23;
(p) "Review Panel" means the Review Panel set up by the
Chancellor in accordance with the provisions of section 8;
(q) "Schedule" means a Schedule to the Ordinance;
(r) "Search Committee" means the Search Committee set up
by the Senate under section 11;
(s) "Senate" means the Senate of the University;
(t) "Statutes", "Regulations" and "Rules" mean respectively
the Statutes, the Regulations and the Rules made under this
Ordinance and for the time being in force;
(u) "Syndicate" means the Syndicate of the University;
(v) "teachers" include Professors, Associate Professors,
Assistant Professors and Lecturers engaged whole-time by
the University or by a constituent or affiliated college and
such other persons as may be declared to be teachers by
Regulations;
(w) "University" means any of the degree-awarding institutions
listed in the Schedule to which this Ordinance has been
made applicable through notification in the official Gazette
or any degree-awarding institution set up by the Federal
Government after the promulgation date hereof:
(x) "University Teacher" means a whole-time teacher
appointed and paid by the University, or recognized by the
University as such; and
(y) "Vice-Chancellor" means the Vice-Chancellor of the
University.
CHAPTER II
THE UNIVERSITY
3. Incorporation.— (1) The universities listed in the
Schedule shall, from the dates of publication in the official Gazette of
notifications in this behalf, stand reconstituted in accordance with the
provisions of the Ordinance.
(2) The Government may set up such universities as are considered
appropriate through notification in the official Gazette and the provisions of the
31
Ordinance shall apply to each University set up after the promulgation date
hereof.
(3) The University shall consist of the following, namely:—
(a) the Chancellor, the members of the Senate and the ViceChancellor;

(b) the members of the authorities of the University established
under section 15;
(c) all University teachers and persons recognized as students
of the University in accordance with terms prescribed from
to time; and
(d) all other full-time officers and members of the staff of the
University.
(4) The University shall be a body corporate by such name as may be
notified and shall have perpetual succession and a common seal, and may sue
and be sued by the said name:
Provided that universities set up prior to the commencement date shall continue
to be described by the existing names unless changed in accordance with any
law for the time being in force.
(5) The University shall be competent to acquire and hold property, both
movable and immovable, and to lease, sell or otherwise transfer any movable
and immovable property which may have become vested in or been acquired by
it.
(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time
being in force, the University shall have academic, financial and administrative
autonomy, including the power to employ officers, teachers and other
employees on such terms as may be prescribed, subject to the terms of this
Ordinance and the Higher Education Commission Ordinance, 2002 (LIII of
2002). In particular, and without prejudice to the authority granted to the
Commission by the law, the Government or an authority or auditor appointed
by the Government shall have no power to question the policy underlying the
allocation of resources approved by the Senate in the annual budget of the
University.
(7) All properties, rights and interests of whatever kind, used, enjoyed,
possessed, owned or vested in, or held in trust by or for any of the universities
listed in the Schedule and liabilities legally subsisting against such universities
shall pass to the University reconstituted under the Ordinance.
32
4. Powers and Purposes of the University.— The University
shall have the following powers, namely:—
(i) to provide for education and scholarship in such branches
of knowledge as it may deem fit, and to make provision for
research, service to society and for the application,
advancement and dissemination of knowledge in such
manner as it may determine;
(ii) to prescribe courses of studies to be conducted by it and the
colleges;
(iii) to hold examinations and to award and confer degrees,
diplomas, certificates and other academic distinctions to
and on persons who have been admitted to and have passed
its examinations under prescribed conditions;
(iv) to prescribe the terms and conditions of employment of the
officers, teachers and other employees of the University
and to lay down terms and conditions that may be different
from those applicable to government servants in general;
(v) to engage, where necessary, persons on contracts of
specified duration and to specify the terms of each
engagement;
(vi) to confer honorary degrees or other distinctions on
approved persons in the manner prescribed;
(vii) to provide for such instruction for persons not being
students of the University as it may prescribe, and to grant
certificates and diplomas to such persons;
(viii) to institute programmes for the exchange of students and
teachers between the University and other universities,
educational institutions and research organisations, inside
as well as outside Pakistan;
(ix) to provide career counselling and job search services to
students and alumni;
(x) to maintain linkages with alumni;
(xi) to develop and implement fund-raising plans;
33
(xii) to provide and support the academic development of the
faculty of the University;
(xiii) to confer degrees on persons who have carried on
independent research under prescribed conditions;
(xiv) to affiliate and disaffiliate educational institutions under
prescribed conditions;
(xv) to inspect colleges and other educational institutions
affiliated or seeking affiliation with it;
(xvi) to accept the examinations passed and the period of study
spent by students of the University at other universities and
places of learning equivalent to such examinations and
periods of study in the University, as it may prescribe, and
to withdraw such acceptance;
(xvii) to co-operate with other Universities, public authorities or
private organisations, inside as well as outside Pakistan, in
such manner and for such purposes as it may prescribe;
(xviii) to institute Professorships, Associate Professorships,
Assistant Professorships and Lectureships and any other
posts and to appoint persons thereto;
(xix) to create posts for research, extension, administration and
other related purposes and to appoint persons thereto;
(xx) to recognize selected members of the teaching staff of
affiliated colleges or educational institutions admitted to
the privileges of the University or such other persons as it
may deem fit, as University teachers;
(xxi) to institute and award financial assistance to students in
need, fellowships, scholarships, bursaries, medals and
prizes under prescribed conditions;
(xxii) to establish teaching departments, schools, colleges,
faculties, institutes, museums and other centres of learning
for the development of teaching and research and to make
such arrangements for their maintenance, management and
administration as it may prescribe;
34
(xxiii) to provide for the residence of the students of the
University and the colleges, to institute and maintain halls
of residence and to approve or license hostels and lodging;
(xxiv) to maintain order, discipline and security on the campuses
of the University and the colleges;
(xxv) to promote the extra curricular and recreational activities of
such students, and to make arrangements for promoting
their health and general welfare;
(xxvi) to demand and receive such fees and other charges as it
may determine;
(xxvii) to make provision for research, advisory or consultancy
services and with these objects to enter into arrangements
with other institutions, public or private bodies, commercial
and industrial enterprises under prescribed conditions;
(xxviii) to enter into, carry out, vary or cancel contracts;
(xxix) to receive and manage property transferred and grants,
contributions made to the University and to invest any fund
representing such property, grants, bequests, trusts, gifts,
donations, endowments or contributions in such manner as
it may deem fit;
(xxx) to provide for the printing and publication of research and
other works; and
(xxxi) to do all such other acts and things, whether incidental to
the powers aforesaid or not, as may be requisite or
expedient in order to further the objectives of the
University as a place of education, learning, and research.
5. University open to all classes, creeds, etc. — (1) Except
where the University has been declared by notification in the official Gazette to
be open only to persons of a specified gender, the University shall be open to
all persons of either gender and of whatever religion, race, creed, class, colour
or domicile and no person shall be denied the privileges of the University on
the grounds of religion, race, caste, creed, class, colour or domicile.
(2) An increase in any fee or charge that is in excess of ten percent per
annum on an annualised basis from the last such increase may not be made
except in special circumstances, and only with the approval of the Chancellor.
(3) The University shall institute financial aid programmes for students
in need, to the extent considered feasible by the Senate given the resources
35
available, so as to enable admission and access to the University and the
various opportunities provided by it to be based on merit rather than ability to
pay:
Provided that the University may institute self-finance schemes not
covering more than ten percent of the total number of candidates in any oncampus
taught course or research-based programme of study.
6. Teaching at the University. — (1) All recognized
teaching in various courses shall be conducted by the University or the colleges
in the prescribed manner and may include lectures, tutorials, discussions,
seminars, demonstrations, distance learning and other methods of instruction as
well as practical work in the laboratories, hospitals, workshops and other
governmental or private organizations.
(2) The authority responsible for organizing recognized teaching shall be
such as may be prescribed.
CHAPTER III
OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY
7. Principal Officers.— The following shall be the principal
officers of the University, namely:—
(a) the Chancellor;
(b) the Vice-chancellor;
(c) the Deans;
(d) the Principals of the constituent colleges;
(e) the Chairpersons of the teaching departments;
(f) the Registrar;
(g) the Treasurer;
(h) the Controller of Examinations; and
(i) such other persons as may be prescribed by the Statutes or
Regulations to be the principal officers of the University.
8. Chancellor:— (1) The President of Pakistan shall be the
Chancellor of the University and the Chairperson of the Senate:
Provided that the notification setting up a university in terms of the
Ordinance or repealing the Act, Ordinance or other legislative instrument
constituting a university listed in the Schedule may provide for any person
other than the President of Pakistan to be the Chancellor of the University.
(2) The Chancellor shall, when present, preside at the meetings of the
Senate and the Convocation of the University. In the absence of the Chancellor
36
the Senate may request a person of eminence to preside over the Convocation
of the University.
(3) The members of the Senate as well as the Vice-Chancellor shall be
appointed by the Chancellor from amongst the persons recommended by the
Representation Committee set up for this purpose or the Search Committee
established in accordance with the Ordinance and the Statutes, as the case may
be, along with those elected.
(4) Every proposal to confer an honorary degree shall be subject to
confirmation by the Chancellor.
(5) If the Chancellor is satisfied that serious irregularity or
mismanagement with respect to the affairs of the University has occurred, he
may, —
(a) as regards proceedings of the Senate, direct that specified
proceedings be reconsidered and appropriate action taken
within one month of the direction having been issued:
Provided that if the Chancellor is satisfied that either no
reconsideration has been carried out or that the reconsideration has
failed to address the concern expressed he may, after calling upon the
Senate to show cause in writing, appoint a five member Review Panel
to examine and report to the Chancellor on the functioning of the
Senate. The report of the Review Panel shall be submitted within
such time as may be prescribed by the Chancellor. The Review Panel
shall be drawn from persons of eminence in academics and in the
fields of law, accountancy and administration; and
(b) as regards proceedings of any Authority or with respect to
matters within the competence of any Authority other than
the Senate, direct the Senate to exercise powers under
section 19.
9. Removal from the Senate.-— (1) The Chancellor may,
upon the recommendation of the Review Panel, remove any person from the
membership of the Senate on the ground that such person:
(a) has become of unsound mind; or
(b) has become incapacitated to function as member
of the Senate; or
(c) has been convicted by a court of law for an offence
involving moral turpitude: or
(d) has absented himself from two consecutive meetings
without just cause; or
37
(e) has been guilty of misconduct, including use of position for
personal advantage of any kind, or gross inefficiency in the
performance of functions.
(2) The Chancellor shall remove any person from the membership of the
Senate on a resolution calling for the removal of such person supported by at
least three-fourths of the membership of the Senate:
Provided that before passing such resolution the Senate shall provide
the member concerned a fair hearing.
Provided further that the provisions of this section shall not be
applicable to the Vice-Chancellor in his capacity as a member of the Senate.
10. Vice-Chancellor.— (1) There shall be a Vice-Chancellor
of the University who shall be an eminent academic or a distinguished
administrator and shall be appointed on such terms and conditions as may be
prescribed.
(2) The Vice-Chancellor shall be the chief executive officer of the
University responsible for all administrative and academic functions of the
University and for ensuring that the provisions of the Ordinance, Statutes,
Regulations and Rules are faithfully observed in order to promote the general
efficiency and good order of the University. The Vice-Chancellor shall have all
powers prescribed for this purpose, including administrative control over the
officers, teachers and other employees of the University.
(3) The Vice-Chancellor shall, if present, be entitled to attend any
meeting of any Authority or body of the University.
(4) The Vice-Chancellor may, in an emergency that in his opinion
requires immediate action ordinarily not in the competence of the ViceChancellor,
take such action and forward, within seventy-two hours, a report of
the action taken to the members of the Emergency Committee of the Senate, to
be set up by Statute, The Emergency Committee may direct such further action
as is considered appropriate.
(5) The Vice-Chancellor sha1l also have the following powers,
namely:—
(a) to direct teachers, officers and other employees of the
University to take up such assignments in connection with
examination, administration and such other activities in the
University as he may consider necessary for the purposes
of the University;
(b) to sanction by re-appropriation an amount not exceeding an
amount prescribed by the Senate for an unforeseen item not
provided for in the budget and report it to the Senate at the
next meeting;
38
(c) to make appointments of such categories of employees of
the University and in such manner as may be prescribed by
the Statutes;
(d) to suspend, punish and remove, in accordance with
prescribed procedure, from service officers, teachers and
other employees of the University except those appointed
by or with the approval of the Senate;
(e) to delegate, subject to such conditions as may be
prescribed, any of his powers under this Ordinance to an
officer or officers of the University; and
(f) to exercise and perform such other powers and functions as
may be prescribed.
(6) The Vice-Chancellor shall preside at the convocation of the
University in the absence of the Chancellor.
(7) The Vice-Chancellor shall present an annual report before the Senate
within three months of the close of the academic year. The annual report shall
present such information as regards the academic year under review as may be
prescribed, including disclosure of all relevant facts pertaining to:
(a) academics;
(b) research;
(c) administration; and
(d) finances
(8) The Vice-Chancellor's annual report shall be made available, prior to
its presentation before the Senate, to all officers and University teachers and
shall be published in such numbers as are required to ensure its wide
circulation.
11. Appointment and Removal of the Vice-Chancellor:—
(1) The Vice-Chancellor shall be appointed by the Chancellor on the
basis of recommendations made by the Senate.
(2) A Search Committee for the recommendation of persons suitable for
appointment as Vice-Chancellor shall be constituted by the Senate on the date
and in the manner prescribed by the Statutes and shall consist of two eminent
members of society nominated by the Chancellor of whom one shall be
appointed the Convener, two members of the Senate, two distinguished
University Teachers who are not members of the Senate and one academic of
eminence not employed by the University. The two distinguished University
Teachers shall be selected by the Senate through a process, to be prescribed by
Senate, that provides for the recommendation of suitable names by the
39
University Teachers in general. The Search Committee shall remain in
existence till such time that the appointment of the next Vice-Chancellor has
been made by the Chancellor.
(3) The persons proposed by the Search Committee for appointment as
Vice-Chancellor shall be considered by the Senate and of these a panel of three,
in order of priority, shall be recommended by the Senate to the Chancellor:
Provided that the Chancellor may decline to appoint any of the three
persons recommended and seek recommendation of a fresh panel. In the event
of a fresh recommendation being sought by the Chancellor the Search
Committee shall make a proposal to the Senate in the prescribed manner.
(4) The Vice-Chancellor shall be appointed for a renewable tenure of
five years on terms and conditions prescribed by Statute. The tenure of an
incumbent Vice-Chancellor shall be renewed by the Chancellor on receipt of a
resolution of the Senate in support of such renewal.
Provided that the Chancellor may call upon the Senate to reconsider
such resolution once.
(5) The Senate may, pursuant to a resolution in this behalf passed by
three-fourths of its membership, recommend to the Chancellor the removal of
the Vice-Chancellor on the ground of inefficiency, moral turpitude or physical
or mental incapacity or gross misconduct, including misuse of position for
personal advantage of any kind:
Provided that the Chancellor may make a reference to the Senate
stating the instances of inefficiency, moral turpitude or physical or mental
incapacity or gross misconduct on the part of the Vice-Chancellor that have
come to his notice. After consideration of the reference the Senate may,
pursuant to a resolution in this behalf passed by two-thirds of its membership,
recommend to the Chancellor the removal of the Vive-Chancellor.

Provided further that prior to a resolution for the removal of the ViceChancellor
being voted upon the Vice-Chancellor shall be given an opportunity
of being heard.
(6) A resolution recommending the removal of the Vice-Chancellor shall
be submitted to the Chancellor forthwith. The Chancellor may accept the
recommendation and order removal of the Vice-Chancellor or return the
recommendation to the Senate.
(7) At any time when the office of the Vice-Chancellor is vacant, or the
Vice-Chancellor is absent or is unable to perform the functions of his office due
to illness or some other cause, the Senate shall make such arrangements for the
performance of the duties of the Vice-Chancellor as it may deem fit.
40
12. Registrar.— (1) There shall be a Registrar of the
University to be appointed by the Senate on the recommendation of the ViceChancellor,
on such terms and conditions as may be prescribed.
(2) The experience as well as the professional and academic
qualifications necessary for appointment to the post of the Registrar shall be as
may be prescribed.
(3) The Registrar shall be a full-time officer of the University and
shalI,—
(a) be the administrative head of the secretariat of the
University and be responsible for the provision of
secretariat support to the Authorities of the University;
(b) be the custodian of the common seal and the academic
records of the University;
(c) maintain a register of registered graduates in the prescribed
manner;
(d) supervise the process of election, appointment or
nomination of members to the various authorities and other
bodies in the prescribed manner; and
(e) perform such other duties as may be prescribed.
(4) The term of office of the Registrar shall be a renewable period of
three years:
Provided that the Senate may, on the advice of the Vice-Chancellor,
terminate the appointment of the Registrar on grounds of inefficiency or
misconduct in accordance with prescribed procedure.
13. Treasurer.— (1) There shall be a Treasurer of the
University to be appointed by the Senate on the recommendation of the ViceChancellor,
on such terms and conditions as may be prescribed.
(2) The experience and the professional and academic qualifications
necessary for appointment to the post of the Treasurer shall be as may be
prescribed.
(3) The Treasurer shall be the chief financial officer of the University
and shall,—
(a) manage the assets, liabilities, receipts, expenditures, funds
and investments of the University;
41
(b) prepare the annual and revised budget estimates of the
University and present them to the Syndicate or a
committee thereof for approval and incorporation in the
budget to be presented to the Senate;
(c) ensure that the funds of the University are expended on the
purposes for which they are provided;
(d) have the accounts of the University audited annually so as
to be available for submission to the Senate within six
months of the close of the financial year, and
(e) perform such other duties as may be prescribed.
(4) The term of office of the Treasurer shall be a renewable period of
three years:
Provided that the Senate may, on the advice of the Vice-Chancellor,
terminate the appointment of the Treasurer on grounds of inefficiency or
misconduct in accordance with prescribed procedure.
14. Controller of Examinations.— (1) There shall be a
Controller of Examinations, to be appointed by the Senate on the
recommendation of the Vice-Chancellor, on such terms and conditions as may
be prescribed.
(2) The minimum qualifications necessary for appointment to the post of
the Controller of Examinations shall be as may be prescribed.
(3) The Controller of Examinations shall be a full-time officer of the
University and shall be responsible for all matters connected with the conduct
of examinations and perform such other duties as may be prescribed.
(4) The Controller of Examinations shall be appointed for a renewable
term of three years:
Provided that the Senate may, on the advice of the Vice-Chancellor,
terminate the appointment of the Controller of Examinations on grounds of
inefficiency or misconduct in accordance with prescribed procedure.
CHAPTER IV
AUTHORITIES OF THE UNIVERSITY
15. Authorities.— (1) The following shall be the Authorities
of the University, namely:-
42
(a) Authorities established by the Ordinance,-
(i) the Senate;
(ii) the Syndicate; and
(iii) the Academic Council;
(b) Authorities to be established bY the Statutes,-
(i) Graduate and Research Management Council;
(ii) Recruitment, Development, Evaluation
and Promotion committees for teachers
and other staff whether at the level of
the department, the Faculty or the
University;
(iii) Career Placement and Internship Committee of
each Faculty;
(iv) Search Committee for the appointment of the
Vice-Chancellor;
(v) the Representation Committees for appointment to
the Senate, Syndicate and the Academic Council;
(vi) Faculty Council; and
(vii) Departmental Council.
(2) The Senate, the Syndicate and the Academic Council may set up such
other committees or sub-committees, by whatever name described, as are
considered desirable through Statutes or Regulations as appropriate. Such
committees or sub-committees shall be Authorities of the University for the
purposes of this Ordinance.
16. Senate.— (1) The body responsible for the
governance of the University shall be described as the Senate, and shall consist
of the following, namely:-
(a) the Chancellor who shall be the Chairperson of the Senate;
(b) the Vice-Chancellor;
(c) one member of the Government not below the rank of
Additional Secretary from the Ministry of Education or any
other department relevant to the special focus of the
University;

(d) four persons from society at large being persons of
distinction in the fields of administration, management,
education, academics, law, accountancy, medicine, fine
arts, architecture, agriculture, science, technology and
43
engineering such that the appointment of these persons
reflects a balance across the various fields:
Provided that the special focus or affiliation of
the University, to be declared in the manner prescribed,
may be reflected in the number of persons of distinction in
an area of expertise relevant to the University who are
appointed to the Senate;
(e) one person from amongst the alumni of the University;
(f) two persons from the academic community of the country,
other than an employee of the University, at the level of
professor or principal of a college;
(g) four University Teachers; and
(h) one person nominated by the Commission.
(2) The numbers of the members of the Senate described against clauses
(e) to (h) of sub-section 1 may be increased by the Senate through Statutes
subject to condition that the total membership of the Senate does not exceed
twenty one, with a maximum of five University Teachers, and the increase is
balanced, to the extent possible, across the different categories specified in subsection
(1).
(3) All appointments to the Senate shall be made by the Chancellor.
Appointments of persons described in clauses (e) to (f) of sub-section (1) shall
be made from amongst a panel of three names for each vacancy recommended
by the Representation Committee set up in terms of section 23 and in
accordance with procedure as may be prescribed:
Provided that effort shall be made, without compromising on quality
or qualification, to give fair representation to women on the Senate.
Provided that as regards the University Teachers described in clause
(g) of sub-section (1) the Senate shall prescribe a procedure for appointment on
the basis of elections that provide for voting by the various categories of
University Teachers. Provided also that the Senate may alternatively prescribe
that appointment of University Teachers to the Senate shall also be in the
manner provided by this sub-section for the persons described in clauses (e) to
(f) of sub-section (1).
(4) Members of the Senate, other than ex officio members, shall hold
office for three years. One-third of the members, other than ex officio members,
44
of the first restructured Senate, to be determined by lot, shall retire from office
on the expiration of one year from the date of appointment by the Chancellor.
One-half of the remaining members, other than ex officio members, of the first
restructured Senate, to be determined by lot, shall retire from office on the
expiration of two years from the date of appointment and the remaining onehalf,
other than ex officio members, shall retire from office on the expiration of
the third year:
Provided that no person, other than an ex officio member, may serve
on the Senate for more than two consecutive terms:
Provided further that the University Teachers appointed to the Senate
may not serve for two consecutive terms.
(5) The Senate shall meet at least twice in a calendar year.
(6) Service on the Senate shall be on honourary basis:
Provided that actual expenses may be reimbursed as prescribed.
(7) The Registrar shall be the secretary of the Senate.
(8) In the absence of the Chancellor meetings of the Senate shall be
presided over by such member, not being an employee of the University or the
Government, as the Chancellor may, from time to time, nominate. The member
so nominated shall be the convener of the Senate.
(9) Unless otherwise prescribed by this Ordinance, all decisions of the
Senate shall be taken on the basis of the opinion of a majority of the members
present. In the event of the members being evenly divided on any matter the
person presiding over the meeting shall have a casting vote.
(10) The quorum for a meeting of the Senate shall be two thirds of its
membership, a fraction being counted as one.
17. Powers and functions of the Senate.— (1) The Senate
shall have the power of general supervision over the University and shall hold
the Vice-Chancellor and the Authorities accountable for all the functions of the
University. The Senate shall have all powers of the University not expressly
vested in an Authority or officer by the Ordinance and all other powers not
expressly mentioned by this Ordinance that are necessary for the performance
of its functions.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing powers, the
Senate shall have the following powers: —
45
(a) to approve the proposed annual plan of work, the annual
and revised budgets, the annual report and the annual
statement of account;
(b) to hold, control and lay down policy for the administration
of the property, funds and investments of the University,
including the approval of the sale and purchase or
acquisition of immovable property;
(c) to oversee the quality and relevance of the University's
academic programmes and to review the academic affairs
of the University in general;
(d) to approve the appointment of the Deans, Professors,
Associate Professors and such other senior faculty and
senior administrators as may be prescribed;
(e) to institute schemes, directions and guidelines for the terms
and conditions of appointment of all officers, teachers and
other employees of the University;
(f) to approve strategic plans;
(g) to approve financial resource development plans of the
University;
(h) to consider the drafts of Statutes and Regulations proposed
by the Syndicate and the Academic Council and deal with
them in the manner as provided for in sections 26 and 27,
as the case may be:
Provided that the Senate may frame a Statute or
Regulation on its own initiative and approve it after calling
for the advice of the Syndicate or the Academic Council as
the case may be;
(i) to annul by order in writing the proceedings of any
Authority or officer if the Senate is satisfied that such
proceedings are not in accordance with the provisions of
the Ordinance, Statutes or Regulations after calling upon
such Authority or officer to show cause why such
proceedings should not be annulled;
46
(j) to recommend to the Chancellor removal of any member of
the Senate in accordance with the provisions of the
Ordinance;
(k) to make appointment of members of the Syndicate, other
then ex officio members, in accordance with the provisions
of the Ordinance;
(l) to make appointment of members of the Academic Council,
other than ex officio members, in accordance with the
provisions of the Ordinance;
(m) to appoint Emeritus Professors on such terms and
conditions as may be prescribed;
(n) to remove any person from the membership of any
Authority if such person:
(i) has become of unsound mind; or
(ii) has become incapacitated to function as member
of such Authority; or
(iii) has been convicted by a court of law for an
offence involving moral turpitude: and
(o) to determine the form, provide for the custody and regulate
the use of the common seal of the University.
(3) The Senate may, subject to the provisions of the Ordinance delegate
all or any of the powers and functions of any Authority, officer or employee of
the University at its main campus, to any Authority, committee, officer or
employee at its additional campus for the purpose of exercising such powers
and performing such functions in relation to such additional campus, and for
this purpose the Senate may create new posts or positions at the additional
campus.
18. Visitations.— The Senate may, in accordance with the
terms and procedures as may be prescribed, cause an inspection to be made in
respect of any matter connected with the University.
19. Syndicate.— (1) There shall be a Syndicate of the
University consisting of the following:—
(a) the Vice-Chancellor who shall be its Chairperson;
47
(b) the Deans of the Faculties of the University;
(c) three professors from different departments, who are not
members of the Senate, to be elected by the University
Teachers in accordance with procedure to be prescribed by
the Senate;
(d) Principals of the constituent colleges;
(e) the Registrar;
(f) the Treasurer; and
(g) the Controller of Examinations;
]
(2) Members of the Syndicate, other than ex officio members, shall hold
office for three years.
(3) As regards the three professors described in clause (c) of sub-section
(1) the Senate may, as an alternative to elections, prescribe a procedure for
proposal of a panel of names by the Representation Committee setup in terms
of section 23. Appointment of persons proposed by the Representation
Committee may be made by the Senate on the recommendation of the ViceChancellor.

(4) The quorum for a meeting of the Syndicate shall be one-half of the
total number of members, a fraction being counted as one.
(5) The Syndicate shall meet at least once in each quarter of the year.
20. Powers and duties of the Syndicate.— (1) The Syndicate
shall be the executive body of the University and shall, subject to the provisions
of the Ordinance and the Statutes, exercise general supervision ever the affairs
and management of the University.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing powers, and
subject to the provisions of the Ordinance, the Statutes and directions of the
Senate the Syndicate shall have the following powers:—
(a) to consider the annual report, the annual and revised budget
estimates and to submit these to the Senate;
48
(b) to transfer and accept transfer of movable property on
behalf of the University;
(c) to enter into, vary, carry out and cancel contracts on behalf
of the University;
(d) to cause proper books of account to be kept for all sums of
money received and expended by the University and for the
assets and liabilities of the University;
(e) to invest any money belonging to the University including
any unapplied income in any of the securities described in
section 20 of the Trusts Act, 1882 (Act II of 1882), or in
the purchase of immovable property or in such other
manner, as it may prescribe, with the like power of varying
such investments;
(f) to receive and manage any property transferred, and grants,
bequests, trust, gifts, donations, endowments, and other
contributions made to the University;
(g) to administer any funds placed at the disposal of the
University for specified purposes;
(h) to provide the buildings, libraries, premises, furniture,
apparatus, equipment and other means required for carrying
out the work of the University;
(i) to establish and maintain halls of residence and hostels or
approve or license hostels or lodgings for the residence of
students;
(j) to recommend to the Senate affiliation or disaffiliation of
colleges;
(k) to recommend to the Senate admission of educational
institutions to the privileges of the University and withdraw
such privileges;
(l) to arrange for the inspection of colleges and the
departments;
49
(m) to institute Professorships, Associate Professorships,
Assistant Professorships, Lectureships, and other teaching
posts or to suspend or to abolish such posts;
(n) to create, suspend or abolish such administrative or other
posts as may be necessary;
(o) to prescribe the duties of officers, teachers and other
employees of the University;
(p) to report to the Senate on matters with respect to which it
has been asked to report;
(q) to appoint members to various Authorities in accordance
with the provisions of the Ordinance;
(r) to propose drafts of Statutes for submission to the Senate;
(s) to regulate the conduct and discipline of the students of the
University;
(t) to take actions necessary for the good administration of the
University in general and to this end exercise such powers
as are necessary;
(u) to delegate any of its powers to any Authority or officer or
a committee; and
(v) to perform such other functions as have been assigned to it
by the provisions of the Ordinance or may be assigned to it
by the Statutes.
21. Academic Council.— (1) There shall be an Academic
Council of the University consisting of the following:—
(a) the Vice-Chancellor who shall be its Chairperson;
(b) the Deans of Faculties and such Heads of departments as
may be prescribed;
(c) five members representing the departments, institutes and
the constituent colleges to be elected in the manner
prescribed by the Senate;
(d) two Principals of affiliated colleges;
(e) five Professors including Emeritus Professors;
(f) the Registrar;
50
(g) the Controller of Examinations; and
(h) the Librarian.
(2) The Senate shall appoint the members of the Academic Counci1,
other than the ex officio and the elected members, on the recommendation of
the Vice-Chancellor:
Provided that as regards the five professors and the members
representing the departments, institutes and the constituent colleges the Senate
may, as an alternative to elections, prescribe a procedure for proposal of a panel
of names by the Representation Committee set up in terms of section 23.
Appointment of persons proposed by the Representation Committee may be
made by the Senate on the recommendation of the Vice-Chancellor.
(3) Members of the Academic Council shall hold office for three years.
(4) The Academic Council shall meet at least once in each quarter.
(5) The quorum for meetings of the Academic Council shall be one half
of the total number of members, a fraction being counted as one.
22. Powers and functions of the Academic Council.— (1)
The Academic Council shall be the principal academic body of the University
and shall, subject to the provisions of the Ordinance and the Statutes, have the
power to lay down proper standards of instruction, research and examinations
and to regulate and promote the academic life of the University and the
colleges.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing powers, and
subject to the provisions of this Ordinance and the Statutes, the Academic
Council shall have the power to,—
(a) approve the policies and procedures pertaining to the
quality of academic programmes;
(b) approve academic programmes;
(c) approve the policies and procedures pertaining to student
related functions including admissions, expulsions,
punishments, examinations and certification;
(d) approve the policies and procedures assuring quality of
teaching and research;
(e) recommend the policies and procedures for affiliation of
other educational institutions;
51
(f) propose to the Syndicate schemes for the constitution and
organization of Faculties, teaching departments and boards
of studies;
(g) appoint paper setters and examiners for all examinations of
the University after receiving panels of names from the
relevant authorities;
(h) institute programmes for the continued professional
development of University Teachers at all levels;
(i) recognize the examinations of other Universities or
examining bodies as equivalent to the corresponding
examinations of the University;
(j) regulate the award of studentships, scholarships,
exhibitions, medals and prizes;
(k) frame Regulations for submission to the Senate;
(l) prepare an annual report on the academic performance of
the University; and
(m) perform such functions as may be prescribed by
Regulations.

23. Representation Committees.— (1) There shall be a
Representation Committee constituted by the Senate through Statute for
recommendation of persons for appointment to the Senate in accordance with
the provisions of section 16.
(2) There shall also be a Representation Committee constituted by the
Senate through Statute for the recommendation of persons for appointment to
the Syndicate and the Academic Council in accordance with the provisions of
sections 20 and 22.
(3) Members of the Representation Committee for appointments to the
Senate shall consist of the following:—
(a) three members of the Senate who are not University
Teachers;
(b) two persons nominated by the University Teachers from
amongst themselves in the manner prescribed;
(c) one person from the academic community, not employed
by the University, at the level of professor or college
principal to be nominated by the University Teachers in the
manner prescribed; and
52
(d) one eminent citizen with experience in administration,
philanthropy, development work, law or accountancy to be
nominated by the Senate.
(4) The Representation Committee for appointments to the Syndicate and
the Academic Council shall consist of the following:
(a) two members of the Senate who are not University
Teachers.
(b) three persons nominated by the University Teachers from
amongst themselves in the manner prescribed;
(5) The tenure of the Representation Committees shall be three years:
Provided that no member shall serve for more than two consecutive
terms.
(6) The procedures of the Representation Committees shall be as may be
prescribed.
(7) There may also be such other Representation Committees set up by
any of the other Authorities of the University as are considered appropriate for
recommending persons for appointment to the various Authorities and other
bodies of the University.

24. Appointment of Committees by certain Authorities.—
(1) The Senate, the Syndicate, the Academic Council and other Authorities
may, from time to time, appoint such standing, special or advisory committees,
as they may deem fit, and may place on such committee persons who are not
members of the Authorities appointing the Committees.
(2) The constitution, functions and powers of the Authorities for which
no specific provision has been made in this Ordinance shall be such as may be
prescribed by Statutes or Regulations.
CHAPTER V
STATUTES, REGULATIONS AND RULES
25. Statutes.— (1) Subject to the provisions of the
Ordinance, Statutes, to be published in the official Gazette, may be made to
regulate or prescribe all or any of the following matters:—
(a) the contents of and the manner in which the annual report to
be presented by the Vice-Chancellor before the Senate shall
be prepared;
53
(b) the University fees and other charges;
(c) the constitution of any pension, insurance, gratuity,
provident fund and benevolent fund for University
employees;
(d) the scales of pay and other terms and conditions of service
of officers, teachers and other University employees;
(e) the maintenance of the register of registered graduates;
(f) affiliation and disaffiliation of educational institutions and
related matters;
(g) admission of educational institutions to the privileges of the
University and the withdrawal of such privileges;
(h) the establishment of Faculties, departments, institutes,
colleges and other academic divisions;
(i) the powers and duties of officers and teachers;
(j) conditions under which the University may enter into
arrangements with other institutions or with public bodies
for purposes of research and advisory services;
(k) conditions for appointment of Emeritus Professors and
award of honorary degrees;
(l) efficiency and discipline of University employees;
(m) the constitution and procedure to be followed by
Representation Committees in carrying out functions in
terms of this Ordinance;
(n) the constitution and procedure to be followed by the Search
Committee for appointment of the Vice-Chancellor;
(o) constitution, functions and powers of the Authorities of the
University; and
(p) all other matters which by this Ordinance are to be or may
be prescribed or regulated by Statutes.
54
(2) The draft of Statutes shall be proposed by the Syndicate to the Senate
which may approve or pass with such modifications as the Senate may think fit
or may refer back to the Syndicate, as the case may be, for reconsideration of
the proposed draft:
Provided that Statutes concerning any of the matters mentioned in
clauses (a) and (1) of sub-section (1) shall be initiated and approved by the
Senate, after seeking the views of the Syndicate:
Provided further that the Senate may initiate a Statute with respect to
any matter in its power or with respect to which a Statute may be framed in
terms of the Ordinance and approve such Statute after seeking the views of the
Syndicate.
26. Regulations.— (1) Subject to the provisions of the
Ordinance and the Statues, the Academic Council may make Regulations, to be
published in the official Gazette, for all or any of the following matters:--
(a) the courses of study for degrees, diplomas and certificates
of the University;
(b) the manner in which the teaching referred to in sub-section
(1) of section 6 shall be organized and conducted;
(c) the admission and expulsion of students to and from the
University;
(d) the conditions under which students shall be admitted to the
courses and the examinations of the University and shall
become eligible for the award of degrees, diplomas and
certificates;
(e) the conduct of examinations;
(f) conditions under which a person may carry on independent
research to entitle him to a degree;
(g) the institution of fellowships, scholarships, exhibitions,
medals and prizes;
(h) the use of the Library;
(i) the formation of Faculties, departments and board of
studies; and
(j) all other matters which by the Ordinance or the Statutes are
to be or may be prescribed by Regulations.
55
(2) Regulations shall be proposed by the Academic Council and shall be
submitted to the Senate which may approve them or withhold approval or refer
them back to the Academic Council for reconsideration. A Regulation proposed
by the Academic Council shall not be effective unless it receives the approval
of the Senate.
(3) Regulations regarding or incidental to matters contained in subclauses
(g) and (i) shall not be submitted to the Senate without the prior
approval of the Syndicate.
27. Amendment and repeal of Statutes and Regulations.—
The procedure for adding to, amending or repealing the Statutes and
the Regulations shall be the same as that prescribed respectively for framing or
making Statutes and Regulations.
28. Rules.— (1) The Authorities and the other bodies of
the University may make Rules, to be published in the official Gazette,
consistent with the Ordinance, Statutes or the Regulations, to regulate any
matter relating to the affairs of the University which has not been provided for
by the Ordinance or that is not required to be regulated by Statutes or
Regulations, including rules to regulate the conduct of business and the time
and place of meetings and related matters.
(2) Rules shall become effective upon approval by the Syndicate.
CHAPTER VI
UNIVERSITY FUND
29. University fund.— The University shall have a fund to
which shall be credited its income from fees, charges, donations, trusts,
bequests, endowments, contributions, grants and all other sources.

30. Audits and Accounts.— (1) The Accounts of the
University shall be maintained in such form and in such manner as may be
prescribed.
(2) The teaching departments, constituent colleges/institutes and all other
bodies designated as such by the Syndicate in terms of Statutes shall be
independent cost centres of the University with authority vested in the head of
each cost centre to sanction expenditure out of the budget allocated to it.
Provided that re-appropriation from one head of expenditure to another may be
made by the head of a cost centre in accordance with and to the extent
prescribed by the Statutes.
56
(3) All funds generated by a teaching department, constituent college or
other unit of the University through consultancy, research or other provision of
service shall be made available without prejudice to the budgetary allocation
otherwise made, after deduction of overheads in the manner and to the extent
prescribed by Statute, to the teaching department, constituent college or other
unit for its development. A part of the funds so generated may be shared with
the University Teachers or researchers in charge of the consultancy, research or
service concerned in the manner and to the extent prescribed by Statute.
(4) No expenditure shall be made from the funds of the University,
unless a bill for its payments has been issued by the head of the cost centre
concerned in accordance with the relevant statutes and the Treasurer has
verified that the payment is provided for in the approved budget of the cost
centre, subject to the authority to re-appropriate available to the head of the cost
centre.
(5) Provision shall be made for an internal audit of the finances of the
University.
(6) Without prejudice to the requirement of audit by an auditor appointed
by Government in accordance with the provisions of any other law in force, the
annual audited statement of accounts of the University shall be prepared in
conformity with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) by a
reputed firm of chartered accountants and signed by the Treasurer. The annual
audited statement of accounts so prepared shall be submitted to the Auditor
General of Pakistan for his observations.
(7) The observations of the Auditor General of Pakistan, if any, together
with such annotations as the Treasurer may make, shall be considered by the
Syndicate and shall be placed before the Senate within six months of closing of
the financial year.
CHAPTER VII
GENERAL PROVISIONS
31. Opportunity to show cause.— Except as otherwise
provided by law no officer, teacher or other employee of the University holding
a permanent post shall be reduced in rank, or removed or compulsorily retired
from service for cause arising out of any act or omission on the part of the
person concerned unless he has been given a reasonable opportunity of
showing cause against the action proposed to be taken.
32. Appeal to the Syndicate and the Senate.—Where an
order is passed punishing any officer (other than the Vice-Chancellor), teacher
57
or other employee of the University or altering or interpreting to his
disadvantage the prescribed terms or conditions of his service, he shall, where
the order is passed by any officer or teacher of the University other than the
Vice-Chancellor, have the right to appeal to the Syndicate against the order,
and where the order is passed by the Vice-Chancellor, have the right to appeal
to the Senate.
33. Service of the University.— (1) All persons employed by
the University in accordance with the terms and conditions of service
prescribed by statutes shall be persons in the service of Pakistan for the
purposes of any court or tribunal set up by law in terms of Article 212 of the
Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973:
Provided that any provision as regards the terms and conditions of
employment of persons in the service of Pakistan in general or in comparable
employment notwithstanding the service of persons employed by the
University shall be entirely governed by the terms and conditions prescribed by
the relevant Statutes.
(2) An officer, teacher or other employee of the University shall retire
from service on the attainment of such age or tenure of service as may be
prescribed.
(3) No adverse change shall be made in the terms and conditions of
employment of any University Teacher in the employment of the University on
the date of enforcement of the Ordinance.
34. Benefits and Insurance.— (1) The University shall
constitute for the benefit of its officers, teachers and other employees schemes,
as may be prescribed, for the provision of post-employment benefits as well as
health and life insurance while in service.
(2) Where any provident fund has been constituted under this Ordinance,
the provisions of the Provident Funds Act, 1925 (XIX of 1925), shall apply to
such funds as if it were the Government Provident Fund.
35. Commencement of term of office of members of
Authority.— (1) When a member of a newly constituted Authority is
elected, appointed or nominated, his term of office, as fixed under this
Ordinance, shall commence from such date as may be prescribed.
(2) Where a member who has accepted any other assignment or for any
other similar reason remains absent from the University for a period of not less
than six months he shall be deemed to have resigned and vacated his seat.
58
36. Filling of casual vacancies in Authorities.— Any casual
vacancy among the members of any Authority shall be filled, as soon as
conveniently may be, in the same manner and by the same person or Authority
that had appointed the member whose place has become vacant and the person
appointed to the vacancy shall be a member of such Authority for the residue of
the term for which the person whose place he fills would have been a member.
37. Flaws in the constitution of Authorities.— Where
there is a flaw in the constitution of an Authority, as constituted by this
Ordinance, the Statutes or the Regulations on account of the abolition of a
specified office under Government or because an organization, institution or
other body outside the University has been dissolved or has ceased to function,
or because of some other similar reason, such flaw shall be removed in such
manner as the Senate may direct.
38. Proceedings of Authorities not invalidated by the
vacancies.—No act, resolution or decision of any Authority shall be invalid by
reason of any vacancy on the Authority doing, passing, or making it or by
reason of any want of qualification or invalidity in the election, appointment or
nomination of any de facto member of the Authority, whether present or absent.
39. First Statutes and Regulations.— Notwithstanding
anything to the contrary contained in the Ordinance, the President of Pakistan
shall promulgate the Fitst Statues and Regulations which shall be deemed to be
Statutes and Regulations framed under section 25 and 26 and shall continue to
remain in force until amended or replaced or till such time as new Statutes and
Regulations are framed in accordance with the provisions of the Ordinance.
40. Repeal and savings.— (1) The Acts, Ordinances or other
legislative instruments constituting the universities listed in the Schedule shall
stand repealed from such dates as may be notified by the Government in the
official Gazette:
Provided that the Government may save, through appropriate
provision in the repealing notifications, such parts of the Acts, Ordinances or
other legislative instruments constituting the universities listed in the Schedule
as are necessary for preservation of such specific features that are essential
given the nature of the University and are not in conflict with the management
and governance structure laid down by the Ordinance or for continuation of the
legal status of an institute, college or other constituent unit of the University as
on the date of the notification in the official Gazette.
(2) Notwithstanding the repeal envisaged by sub-section (1),—
(a) everything done, action taken, obligations or liabilities
incurred, rights and assets acquired, persons appointed or
59
authorized, jurisdiction or powers conferred, endowments,
bequests, funds or trusts created, donations or grants made,
scholarships, studentship, or exhibitions instituted,
affiliations or privileges granted and orders issued under
any of the provisions of the repealed Acts, Ordinances,
other legislative instruments or the Statutes, the
Regulations and the Rules made or deemed to have been
made thereunder, shall, if not inconsistent with the
provisions of the Ordinance or the Statutes, the Regulations
or the Rules made under this Ordinance, be continued and,
so far as may be, be deemed to have been respectively
done, taken, incurred, acquired, appointed, authorized,
conferred, created, made, instituted, granted and issued
under this Ordinance, and any documents referring to any
of the provisions of the repealed Acts, Ordinances, other
legislative instruments or the Statutes, the Regulations and
the Rules first referred shall, so far as may be, be
considered to refer to the corresponding provisions of the
Ordinance or the Statutes, the Regulations and the Rules
made under this Ordinance;
(b) all institutes, colleges or other constituent units of the
University functioning in terms of the provisions of the
repealed Acts, Ordinances or other legislative instruments
shall continue to function in terms of the relevant repealed
provisions till such time that the Senate through Statute has
prescribed otherwise; and
(c) any Statutes, Regulations, or Rules made or deemed to
have been made under the repealed Acts, Ordinances or
other legislative instruments shall, if not inconsistent with
the provisions of the Ordinance, be deemed to be Statutes,
Regulations or Rules made under the Ordinance having
regard to the various matters which by the Ordinance have
to be regulated or prescribed by Statutes, Regulations and
Rules respectively and shall continue to be in force until
they are repealed, rescinded or modified in accordance with
the provisions of the Ordinance.
41. Transitory Provisions.— (1) Notwithstanding anything
contained in the Ordinance, upon the coming into force of this Ordinance with
respect to a University listed in the Schedule, the Senate shall be restructured
and the members thereof, except the University Teachers, appointed afresh by
the Chancellor in accordance with the numbers and criteria for membership
specified in the Ordinance. As regards the University Teachers to be elected or
60
appointed to the restructured Senate elections shall be held as soon as possible
in the case of Universities where the repealed act, ordinance or other legislative
instrument had provided for the election of University Teachers to the Senate.
In all other cases University Teachers shall be appointed to the restructured
Senate by the Chancellor. The number of University Teachers to be elected or
appointed to the restructured Senate shall be as provided in the Ordinance. The
first restructured Senate so constituted shall initiate, as soon as possible, the
process for the appointment of the members of the Syndicate and the Academic
Council in accordance with the terms of this Ordinance. The term of tenure
provided in sub-section (4) of section 16 notwithstanding, one-third of the
members, other than ex officio members, of the first restructured Senate, to be
determined by lot, shall retire from office on the expiration of one year from
the date of appointment by the Chancellor. One-half of the remaining members,
other than ex officio members, of the first restructured Senate, to be determined
by lot, shall retire from office on the expiration of two years from the date of
appointment and the remaining one-half, other than ex officio members, shall
retire from office on the expiration of the third year.
(2) Any existing provision as regards tenure notwithstanding the ViceChancellor
and the other Authorities, in existence immediately before the date
on which the Ordinance is enforced with respect to a University listed in the
Schedule, shall continue to function and shall, as far as may be, exercise the
powers respectively assigned to the Vice-Chancellor and the corresponding
Authorities by or under this Ordinance, until such time as they are respectively
replaced in accordance with the terms of the Ordinance.
(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Ordinance, as regards a
University set up after the promulgation date hereof, the members of the first
Senate, except the University Teachers, shall be appointed by the Chancellor in
accordance with the numbers and criteria for membership specified in the
Ordinance. The first Senate so constituted shall initiate, as soon as possible, the
process for the recruitment of University Teachers and appointment of the
members of the Syndicate and the Academic Council in accordance with the
terms of this Ordinance. The University Teachers to be appointed to the first
Senate shall be appointed as soon as the procedure prescribed for appointment
of University Teachers to the Senate has be complied with. The term of tenure
provided in sub-section (4) of section 16 notwithstanding, one-third of the
members, other than ex officio members, of the first Senate, to be determined
by lot, shall retire from office on the expiration of one year from the date of
appointment by the Chancellor. One-half of the remaining members, other than
ex officio members, of the first Senate, to be determined by lot, shall retire from
office on the expiration of two years from the date of appointment and the
remaining one-half, other than ex officio members, shall retire from office on
the expiration of the third year.
61
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Ordinance, as regards a
University set up after the promulgation date hereof, the first Vice-Chancellor
shall be appointed by the Chancellor for a period of three years.
42. Removal of difficulties.— (1) If any question arises as to
the interpretation of any of the provisions of the Ordinance, it shall be placed
before the Chancellor whose decision thereon shall be final.
(2) If any difficulty arises in giving effect to any of the provisions of the
Ordinance, the Chancellor may make such order after obtaining the views of
the Senate, not inconsistent with the provisions of the Ordinance, as may
appear to him to be necessary for removing the difficulty.
(3) Where the Ordinance makes any provision for anything to be done
but no provision or no sufficient provision has been made as respects the
authority by whom, or the time at which, or the manner in which, it shall be
done, then it shall be done by such authority, at such time, or in such manner as
the Chancellor may direct after obtaining the views of the Senate.
43. Indemnity.— No suit or legal proceedings shall lie against
the Government, the University or any Authority, officer or employee of the
Government or the University or any person in respect of any thing which is
done in good faith under the Ordinance.
44. Power to allow appointment of employees of the
Government, other universities or educational or research institutions to
the University.— (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in the Ordinance the
Senate may, on the advice of the Syndicate, allow any post in the University to
be filled by appointment, on such terms as the Senate may specify, an
employee of the Government or any other university or educational or research
institution.
(2) Where any appointment has been made under this section, the terms
and conditions of service of the appointee shall not be less favourable than
those admissible to him immediately before such appointment and he shall be
entitled to all benefits of his post of service.
SCHEDULE
(See sub-section (2) of section 2)
List of existing Universities to which this Ordinance may be applied through
notification in the official Gazette
62
1. Allama IqbaI Open University, lslamabad.
2. NationaI University of Modern Languages, Islamabad.
3. Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.
4. Bahria University, lslamabad.
5. Air University, Islamabad.
6. Federal Urdu University of Arts, Sciences & Technology,
Rawalpindi.
7. National University of Sciences & Technology,
Rawalpindi/lslamabad.
Sd/-
GENERAL
PERVEZ MUSHARRAF,
President.
_____________
Sd/-
MR. JUSTICE
MANSOOR AHMAD,
Secretary.
63
Appendix-IV
SELF-CHECK LIST FOR THE FEASIBILITY
REPORT
(Note: This check list is for the sponsor(s) who should check against each item whether all
the aspects of the feasibility have been covered in the report).
Check list Yes No Remarks
1. In preparing the summary and rationale
of the Project, have I …
i) stated the summary clearly with
all the aspects of the project

ii) mentioned the purpose and
mission of the institution

iii) discussed rationale of the
project supported by data

iv) identified educational
needs/deficiencies
supplemented by data

v) analyzed availability of higher
education of the area supported
by data

vi) mentioned the particular
features of the project

2. Submission on the profile of Institution and Society/
Trust includes the details with regard to:
i) existing set-up
ii) internal governance
iii) name of registered society/trust
iv) memorandum of association
v) proposed new set-up of
the institution

64
3. In submitting information on physical resources
and infrastructure, have I …
i) given the details of available and
proposed infrastructure in respect
of:

a) land, buildings, (both for
academic and administrative
purposes)

b) total covered area
c) furniture & fixtures
d) number of classrooms, their
size

e) library books
f) laboratory
g) equipment
h) hostels, and other
student support services

i) Computer/Internet
4. In connection with the submission on academic
set-up of the institution, have I …
i) outlined information with regard
to:

a) names of
departments/faculties

b) constitution and composition
of course committees

c) phase-wise development of
academic programmes and
development schedule

ii) outlined information with
regard to:

a) names of
departments/faculties

b) constitution and composition
of course committees

65
c) phase-wise development of
academic programmes and
development schedule

iii) given details of authorities
of the institution with respect to:

a) Board of Trustees
b) Board of Governors
c) Academic Council
d) Board of Studies
e) Selection Board etc
iv) stated existing and
proposed degree programmes

v) mentioned details of current
& proposed scheme of studies

vi) outlined curricula for each
degree programmes

vii) provided details of
human resource component
with regard to:

a) existing and proposed
faculty, their qualifications,
pay scale etc.

b) students, their enrolment
level wise

c) administrative and other
supporting staff (with
qualifications and pay scale
etc).

viii) provided service
rules with respect to faculty
and support staff

5. In preparing submission on various aspects
of studies, have I …
i) submitted details on:
a) student admission policy
b) fee level for various degree
programmes

66
c) scholarships
d) student supervision
e) quality assurance system
f) national and international
collaboration etc.

6. In giving details on examinations and
assessment, did I mention …
i) details on assessment and
examination system

ii) regulations of examinations
iii) mechanism of assessment
iv) student supervision
v) arrangements for monitoring
quality of teaching and learning
and students performance

7. In connection with the submission on finance
resources and financial plan, have I …
i) provided start-up costs, annual
operating costs and their basis

ii) analyzed financial plan
iii) mentioned pert chart for phasewise
programmes

iv) given simple bank statement
with regard to money in hand

v) provided details of total
investments

vi) identified developmental cost for
the institution for phased
programmes

vii)discussed resources for the funds
required

viii) details of endowment funds, if
any

67
8. In preparing draft Charter, did I …
i) follow the HEC’s guidelines on
the draft Charter (FUO, 2002)

9. While submitting the feasibility report, have I …
i) remitted cheque for Rs.20,000 as
evaluation fee

ii) enclosed five hard copies of the
feasibility report

iii) provided soft copy (CD/floppy
disk) on the feasibility report

68
Form PU-02
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION
Sector H-9, Islamabad
URL : www.hec.gov.pk
General Criteria/Norms for the Establishment
of a New University
University: Any degree awarding institution of higher education
having four or more departments will be eligible for grant of charter
for a university.
Component Nature of Requirement Standards/Norms
Departments (Physics,
Chemistry etc.)
Minimum 4
departments
1:20 Maximum
for
Science
subjects
involving
lab. work
Teacher: Student ratio
(desirable)
1:30 For
others
Departments
No. of administrative
staff including
laboratories, library &
other staff for
miscellaneous duties
1:2 ratio of
administrative staff to
teaching staff
Teaching
Faculty
Teachers At least 24 teachers
(full-time). Six full
time teachers per
department (out of
which five must be
holders of Ph.D.
degrees) *
69
Component Nature of Requirement Standards/Norms
Professor 1
Associate
Professor
1
Assistant
Professors
2
No. of teachers (full
time) required (cadrewise)
per department
Lecturers 2
Associate Professor and
Professor
Must be holder of Ph.D
Degree. * This
condition would not be
pre-requisite in case of
professional disciplines
such as law, fine arts
etc. functioning as
faculties of the
universities
Journals Subscription to at least
15 current journals of
international repute
with impact factor of
at least 1.00. Access to
electronic journals
also to be provided
Libraries
Books required At least 1500 books
from major
international
publishers in the
relevant field
Hall/Lecture theatres
(desirable)
12 to 15 sq. ft. per
student
Facilities
Number of rooms
required (desirable)
2 lecture rooms per
Department, 1 seminar
room, 1 Library cum
Reading room, 1
committee room
Teaching and
Administrative
Staff Offices
Required for each
University (desirable)
1 Staff room
1 Faculty office for
each department
70
Component Nature of Requirement Standards/Norms
No. of laboratories
required (desirable)
At least 1 Lab. per
department with
appropriate space
Workshops (desirable) 35 to 45 sq ft. per
student
PC (desirable) 1 for 3 students in case
of IT courses
Laboratories/
Workshops/
PC/Internet
service
(Desirable)**
Internet service
(desirable)
256 Kbytes access rate
shall be provided
Area in acres 10 acres [3 acres in city
& 7 acres on city
fringes] depending
upon the location
having potential for
further development.
Virtual universities
shall be excluded from
the condition of land
Built-in/covered Area
(desirable)
Minimum 100 sq ft.
per student.
Gross Area
General facilities:
office, staff rooms,
cafeteria, reading room,
auditorium, committee
room, conference room,
housing for staff,
parking space, and
toilets etc.
Basic facilities for
staff and students
Min. Max.
Cubicles (desirable) 80 120
Dormitories
(desirable)
50 80
Dining (desirable) 8-10 12-15
Hostels
(Desirable)
Gross space
(desirable)
200 250
71
Component Nature of Requirement Standards/Norms
Scholarships Scholarships and
freeships
At least 10% of the
students to be given
scholarships
Research Funding of research 10% of the
institutional budget to
be specified for
research
Inspection Peer-review One scientist having
an impact factor of at
least 1.00 will be
associated in the
inspection of the
institution for NOC
clearance
Rating Star system Higher Education
Commission (HEC)
shall carry out rating
exercise of private
universities and grant
star system based on
their performance and
excellence. The
information shall be
made public for
general awareness
Endowment Fund (Secured
in the name of
Trust/Society)
Rs.50.0 million
(not applicable in case
of public sector
university)
Tangible assets in the
form of land/building
etc.
Rs.100.0 million
Working Capital Rs.50.0 million
(not applicable in case
of public sector
university)
Finance
Total: Rs.200.0 million
* For existing universities, the requirement of 5 Ph.Ds. is to be
satisfied within three years
** The standardization of the laboratories shall be in accordance with
the specifications of the HEC.
72
Component Standards/Norms
Senate 1) The body responsible for the governance of
the University/Institute shall be described as the
Senate, and shall consist of the following,
namely:–
(a) the Chancellor who shall be the Chairperson
of the Senate;
(b) the Vice-Chancellor;
(c) one member of the Government not
below the rank of Additional Secretary
from the Ministry of Education or any
other department relevant to the special
focus of the University/Institute;
(d) four persons from society at large being
persons of distinction in the fields of
administration, management, education,
academics, law, accountancy, medicine,
fine arts, architecture, agriculture,
science, technology and engineering such
that the appointment of these persons
reflects a balance across the various
fields:
Provided that the special focus or
affiliation of the University/Institute, to
be declared in the manner prescribed,
may be reflected in the number of persons
of distinction in an area of expertise
relevant to the University/Institute who
are appointed to the Senate;
(e) one person from amongst the alumni of
the University/Institute;
(f) two persons from the academic
community of the country, other than an
employee of the University/Institute, at
the level of professor or principal of a
college;
(g) four University/Institute Teachers; and
(h) one person nominated by the
Commission.
73
Component Standards/Norms
(2) The numbers of the members of the
Senate described against clauses (e) to (h) of subsection
1 may be increased by the Senate through
Statutes subject to condition that the total
membership of the Senate does not exceed twentyone,
with a maximum of five University/Institute
Teachers, and the increase is balanced, to the
extent possible, across the different categories
specified in sub-section (1).
(3) All appointments to the Senate shall be made
by the Chancellor. Appointments of persons
described in clauses (e) to (f) of sub-section (1)
shall be made from amongst a panel of three
names for each vacancy recommended by the
Representation Committee and in accordance with
procedure as may be prescribed.
(4) Members of the Senate, other than ex
officio members, shall hold office for three years.
One-third of the members, other than ex officio
members, of the first Senate, to be determined by
lot, shall retire from office on the expiration of one
year from the date of appointment by the
Chancellor. One-half of the remaining members,
other than ex officio members, of the first Senate,
to be determined by lot, shall retire from office on
the expiration of two years from the date of
appointment and the remaining one-half, other
than ex officio members, shall retire from office on
the expiration of the third year:
Provided that no person, other than an ex
officio member, may serve on the Senate for more
than two consecutive terms:
Provided further that the University/Institute
Teachers appointed to the Senate may not
serve for two consecutive terms.
74
Components
Safeguards
Standards/Norms
1. The President of Pakistan or Governor of the
province as the case may be should be
Patron/Chancellor of the University.
2. The Patron/Chancellor shall have the powers to
cause a visitation to be made on the request of
the Higher Education Commission (HEC) in
respect of any matter connected with the affairs
of the University and shall, from time to time,
direct any person or persons to inquire into or
carry out inspection of the University.
3. The powers to grant affiliation to any
institution shall be available to a University
which has built in quality criteria, judged by
the HEC.
4. Institutions already established shall have
their affiliation powers withdrawn through
amendment in their Acts.
5. Affiliated institutions shall not be allowed to
admit students after a grace period of five years.
Students already admitted in affiliated
institutions would be allowed to complete their
degree programmes.
6. Campuses located in one city of a private
university/institution will be considered
collectively as one unit for the application of
the new criteria. However, the campus of a
private university located in other cities
would be treated as a new institution and the
same criteria will be applicable to each
campus.
7 The HEC would be the competent authority to
grant accreditation, validate courses and syllabi
of the University which shall be subject to
quality standards set by the HEC. The
accreditation will be withdrawn if found that
the institution is unable to satisfactorily
demonstrate its ability and commitment to
achieve and maintain national academic
standards.
75
Component Standards/Norms
8. The University shall be liable to provide
facilities to the representatives of the Higher
Education Commission, the Pakistan
Engineering Council, Pakistan Medical and
Dental Council or such similar relevant
organizations for visitation to enable them to
verify that the University is maintaining
appropriate academic standards.
9. The HEC shall be competent to carry out
periodic inspections and monitoring of the
institution.
10. The University shall have to work within the
framework of the Education Policy and other
law or policy framed/amended by the
Government of Pakistan/HEC/Provincial
Governments from time to time.
11. The University shall be required to strictly
comply with the constitutional provisions and
law and abide by social, religious, ethical and
cultural ethos and values.
12. Activities of the University shall be restricted
to teaching, research and services only.
13. Double entry system accounts shall be
maintained by the University.
14. Each University shall have its annual
accounts audited by the competent auditors.
76
Form P1-02
HIGHER EDUCATION COMMISSION
Sector H-9, Islamabad
URL : www.hec.gov.pk
General Criteria/Norms for the Establishment
of a New Institute of Higher Education
Degree awarding Institute: Any degree awarding institution of
higher education having less than four disciplines will be eligible for
grant of charter as a degree awarding institute.
Component Nature of Requirement Standards/Norms
Departments
(Physics, Chemistry
etc.)
Minimum 1 department
in case of an institute
1:20 Maximum
for
Science
subjects
involving
lab. work
Teacher: Student ratio
(desirable)
1:30 For
others
Departments
No. of administrative
staff including
laboratories, library &
other staff for
miscellaneous duties
1:2 ratio of
administrative staff to
teaching staff
Teaching
Faculty
Teachers At least six full-time
teachers per department
(out of which five must
be holders of Ph.D.
degrees)*
Professor 1
Associate
Professor
1
Assistant
Professors
2
No. of teachers (full
time) required (cadrewise)
per department
Lecturers 2
77
Component Nature of Requirement Standards/Norms
Associate Professor and
Professor
Must be holder of Ph.D
Degree. * This
condition would not be
pre-requisite in case of
professional institutions
(such as law, fine arts).
Journals Subscription to at least
15 current journals of
international repute
with impact factor of at
least 1.00. Access to
electronic journals to be
provided
Libraries
Books required At least 1500 books
from major
international
publishers in the
relevant field
Hall/Lecture theatres
(desirable)
12 to 15 sq. ft. per
student
Facilities
Number of rooms
required (desirable)
2 lecture rooms per
Department, 1 seminar
room, 1 Library cum
Reading room, 1
committee room
Teaching and
Administrative
Staff Offices
Required for each
University (desirable)
1 Staff room
1 Faculty office for
each department
No. of laboratories
required (desirable)
At least 1 Lab. per
department with
appropriate space
Workshops (desirable) 35 to 45 sq ft. per
student
PC (desirable) 1 for 3 students in case
of IT courses
Laboratories/
Workshops/
PC/Internet
service
(Desirable)**
Internet service 256 Kbytes access rate
shall be provided
78
Component Nature of Requirement Standards/Norms
Gross Area Area in acres 3-1/3 acres at least
(depending upon the
location having
potential for further
development)
Built-in/covered Area
(desirable)
Minimum 100 sq ft.
per student
General facilities:
office, staff rooms,
cafeteria, reading room,
auditorium, committee
room, conference room,
housing for staff,
parking space, and
toilets etc.
Basic facilities for
staff and students
Min. Max.
Cubicles (desirable) 80 120
Dormitories
(desirable)
50 80
Dining (desirable) 8-10 12-15
Hostels
(Desirable)
Gross space
(desirable)
200 250
Scholarships Scholarships and freeships

At least 10% of the
students to be given
scholarships
Research Funding of research 10% of the
institutional budget to
be specified for
research
Inspection Peer review One scientist having
an impact factor of at
least 1.00 will be
associated in the
inspection of the
institution for NOC
clearance
79
Component Nature of Requirement Standards/Norms
Rating Star system HEC shall carry out
rating exercise of
private institutes and
grant star system
based on their
performance and
excellence. The
information shall be
made public for
general awareness
Endowment Fund (Secured
in the name of
Trust/Society)
Rs.15.0 million
Tangible assets in the
form of land/building
etc.
Rs.25.0 million
Working Capital Rs.10.0 million
Finance
Total: Rs.50.0 million
* For existing institutions, the requirement of 5 Ph.Ds. is to be
satisfied within three years upto December, 2009
** The standardization of the laboratories shall be in accordance with
the specifications of the HEC.
80
Component Standards/Norms
Senate 1) The body responsible for the governance of
the University/Institute shall be described as the
Senate, and shall consist of the following,
namely:–
(a) the Chancellor who shall be the Chairperson
of the Senate;
(b) the Vice-Chancellor;
(c) one member of the Government not
below the rank of Additional Secretary
from the Ministry of Education or any
other department relevant to the special
focus of the University/Institute;
(d) four persons from society at large being
persons of distinction in the fields of
administration, management, education,
academics, law, accountancy, medicine,
fine arts, architecture, agriculture,
science, technology and engineering such
that the appointment of these persons
reflects a balance across the various
fields:
Provided that the special focus or
affiliation of the University/Institute, to
be declared in the manner prescribed,
may be reflected in the number of persons
of distinction in an area of expertise
relevant to the University/Institute who
are appointed to the Senate;
(i) one person from amongst the alumni of
the University/Institute;
(j) two persons from the academic community
of the country, other than an
employee of the University/Institute, at
the level of professor or principal of a
college;
(k) four University/Institute Teachers; and
(l) one person nominated by the
Commission.
81
Component Standards/Norms
(2) The numbers of the members of the
Senate described against clauses (e) to (h) of subsection
1 may be increased by the Senate through
Statutes subject to condition that the total
membership of the Senate does not exceed twentyone,
with a maximum of five University/Institute
Teachers, and the increase is balanced, to the
extent possible, across the different categories
specified in sub-section (1).
(3) All appointments to the Senate shall be made
by the Chancellor. Appointments of persons
described in clauses (e) to (f) of sub-section (1)
shall be made from amongst a panel of three
names for each vacancy recommended by the
Representation Committee and in accordance with
procedure as may be prescribed.
(4) Members of the Senate, other than ex
officio members, shall hold office for three years.
One-third of the members, other than ex officio
members, of the first Senate, to be determined by
lot, shall retire from office on the expiration of one
year from the date of appointment by the
Chancellor. One-half of the remaining members,
other than ex officio members, of the first Senate,
to be determined by lot, shall retire from office on
the expiration of two years from the date of
appointment and the remaining one-half, other
than ex officio members, shall retire from office on
the expiration of the third year:
Provided that no person, other than an ex
officio member, may serve on the Senate for more
than two consecutive terms:
Provided further that the
University/Institute Teachers appointed to
the Senate may not serve for two
consecutive terms.
82
Component Standards/Norms
Safeguards 1. The President of Pakistan or Governor of the
province as the case may be should be Patron/
Chancellor of the Institution.
2. The Patron/Chancellor shall have the powers
to cause a visitation to be made on the request
of the Higher Education Commission (HEC)
in respect of any matter connected with the
affairs of the Institute and shall, from time to
time, direct any person or persons to inquire
into or carry out inspection of the Institute.
3. The powers to grant affiliation to any
institution shall be available to an Institute
which has built in quality criteria, judged by
the HEC.
4. Institutions already established shall have
their affiliation powers withdrawn through
amendment in their Acts.
5. Affiliated institutions shall not be allowed to
admit students after a grace period of five
years. Students already admitted in affiliated
institutions would be allowed to complete
their degree programmes.
6. Campuses located in one city of a private
institution will be considered collectively as
one unit for the application of the new criteria.
However, the campus of a private institution
located in other cities would be treated as a
new institution and the same criteria will be
applicable to each campus.
7. The HEC would be the competent authority to
grant accreditation, validate courses and
syllabi of the Institute which shall be subject
to quality standards set by the HEC. The
accreditation will be withdrawn if found that
the institution is unable to satisfactorily
demonstrate its ability and commitment to
achieve and maintain national academic
standards.
83
Component Standards/Norms
8. The Institute shall be liable to provide
facilities to the representatives of the Higher
Education Commission, the Pakistan
Engineering Council, Pakistan Medical and
Dental Council or such similar relevant
organizations for visitation to enable them to
verify that the Institute is maintaining
appropriate academic standards.
9. The HEC shall be competent to carry out
periodic inspections and monitoring of the
institution.
10. The Institute shall have to work within the
framework of the Education Policy and other
law or policy framed/amended by the
Government of Pakistan/HEC/Provincial
Governments from time to time.
11. The Institute shall be required to strictly
comply with the constitutional provisions and
law and abide by social, religious, ethical and
cultural ethos and values.
12. Activities of the Institute shall be restricted to
teaching, research and services only.
13. Double entry system accounts shall be
maintained by the Institute.
14. Each Institute shall have its annual accounts
audited by the competent auditors.
 

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