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Pakistan - History
A land of Greatest Mountains & Colorful Culture - A Complete Guide to Pakistan
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2 Million years ago
Oldest homosapians lived here from 5 - 2 million years ago.Many articles of stone age are found from different Archeological sites and are displayed at different museums of Pakistan.
7000 BC 3500 BC
Village culture of Mahar Garh was developed. Th site of Mahargarh reveals that people were cultivating crops on rain dependent lands.They were making excellency Quality of ceramics from terracotta. Some figurines of women have been found which are beautifully decorated and are displayed at various museums of Pakistan
3500 BC 3000 BC
Kot DGian Culture . After the Mahargarh people moved eastward for better alluvial land and in search of a place less vulnerable of the dangers of river. They built fortified villages with mud & stone houses. They built tools of matel and were more learnt in the making of ceramics.
3300 BC 1700 BC
The people left the small villages and built a big city with all the civic facilities and planning. Emergence of prosperous Indus civilization . Moen Jo Daro was one of the main cities of this most advanced civilization of the world There are buildings made of baked bricks a rich treasure of ceramics covered drainage, grid system of the streets are few of the things of Indus civilization you can witness.
1700 BC
Indus civilization is buried in time and Aryans arrive .
1200 BC
Earliest hyms of Ragveda were written in the Indus valley
1000 BC 600 BC
Post Indus civilization culture decline in art and architecture is seen. There are numerous un excavated sites of this period in Pakistan.
516 BC 486 BC
The Achiminidians of Persia ruled the Northern part as the eastern most province of Persia ( Gandhara ) King Darius made a map of the world and described the land beyond Indus as Deserta enconita (Unknown Desert) . Taxila the famous archeological site was established as the Capital of Gandhara
326 BC
Alexander the great entered through Khyber pass and Chitral conquered the Kabul valley. The king of Taxila submitted before the Alexander and the whole region was conquered by Alexander. From the south of Indus he continued to Iran via Baluchistan desert (In Pakistan)
324 BC
Land was governed by Philip one of the men of Alexander who was later assassinated ; Eudaamus was took his place as the ruler.
323 BC
Alexander dies, the country remains in the hands of Eudamus
317 BC
Chandragupta the founder of Maurya empire takes over Punjab.
208 BC 274 BC
Chandragupta dies Asoka then Governor of Taxila accesses and unites the small kingdoms.
262 BC
Asoka is impressed with a Buddhist monk and accepts Buddhism as his religion. The Ashes of Buddha are collected and are distributed into 8 different Stupas. Asoka propagates the teachings of Buddha and develops new rules for the religion.
250 BC
Foundation of Bactria & Parthia Kingdoms in Afghanistan & North of Iran , by the greeks
232 BC
Death of Asoka the Maurya empire is badly disturbed and eventually breaks into small kingdoms.
189 BC
Bactrians take over Gandhara followed by Maurian descendents and later Greeks
90 BC
Sakas Parthians from central Asia after conquering Iran, Bactria etc take over Taxila
40 AD
Visit of St. Thomas at Taxila his cathedral is still alive in Taxila.
60 AD
Kushans from central Asia take over Gandhara and propagate Buddhism Gandhara art is patronized and reaches at its peak
300 AD
Kushans are slowly replaces by Sassanians from Iran
400 AD
Kidar Kushans unite the country and take hold
455 AD
White Huns invade Gandhara and are converted to Hinduism They Destroy all Buddhist Monasteries Stupas and did mass killing. Buddhism declines
565 AD
Sassanians & Turks overthrow Huns Buddhism could not recover but emerges in China
Turks Shahis in North and Hindu Rajas in the south ruling as smaller states.
711 AD
Mohammed Bin Qasim (First Muslim ) Conquers The south eastern par of Sindh Banbhore and later many cities in Sindh & Southern Punjab are conquered
Hindu Shahi from central Asia arrive .
Mahmood of Ghazni came Islam becomes the state religion and a lot of population is converted to Islam.
Local dynasties rule the In Sindh Sumrah rule until 1337
1150 AD
Ghourids replace Ghaznavis
1200 AD
The consolidation of Muslim Sultanate in North India
1221 AD
Ghengis Khan invades and takes over Punjab from Muslims
1337 AD
Sammahs overthrow Sumrahs in Sindh
Temurlane of Uzbekistan arrives via Khyber pass
1400 ++
Decline of the Delhi Sultanate. Separation into small kingdoms. Founding of the Sikh religion
1506 AD
Babur, the first Moghul arrives after conquering central Asia & Afghanistan
1524 AD
Shah Beg Arghun Rules Sindh Local Rinds also help to overthrow Sammahs
1526 AD
Babur ( Moghul) Overthrown the last Sultan of Delhi. India is reunited under the banner of Moghul empire
1530-56 AD
Sher Shah Suri attacks the Moghul empire and puts Emperor Humayoon Son of Babur in Exile in Persia
1545 AD
Death of Sher Shah Suri. Tarkhans take over Sindh Thatta is the capital
1556-1605 AD
Akbar the Great son of Humayoon is the emperor Moghul empire is at boom
Shah Jehan the greatest patron of architecture becomes the emperor.Taj Mahal , Lahore fort's Nolakha Mahal Shahjehan Mosque and many other wonderful buildings wee built
Aurangzeb Alamgir becomes the emperor. Sikhs organize themselves as a warrior tribe
1736 AD
Hyderabad becomes the capital of Sindh and Kalhoras rule it
1739 AD
Nadir Shah of Persia Invades
Ahmed Shah Durrani founds Kingdom of Afghanistan. Some territories of The Subcontinent Including NWFP , Kashmir & Punjab
Sikhs become the dominant in Punjab . Ruling from Lahore
1789 AD
Talpurs Mirs Rule Sindh From Hyderabad
Ranjit Singh Rules Punjab and conquers Peshawar valley
1843 AD
British annex Sindh Karachi is taken by Lord Napair. First British Afghan War
First British Sikh War
British take Punjab from Sikhs in the second Sikh war. A big part of India is under British
First War of Independence or Mutiny as called by the British
Mohammed Ali Jinnah Founder of Pakistan born in Karachi
Baluchistan is also taken by the British
Gilgit Agency made by the British in Gilgit
Hunza & Nagar valleys also become part of British empire
All India Muslim was founded
Allama Iqbal awakens Muslims with his poetry and suggests creation of a separate Muslim country
Muslim League under the Leadership of Jinnah passes the resolution of Pakistan in Lahore
6th June Referendum is held In India by the British 14th August India is divided into two and British leave. Quid e Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah becomes the first governor General of Pakistan.
Demise of Jinnah First War between Pakistan & India over Kashmir & Gilgit agency
UN sponsors cease-fire in Kashmir
First Marshal Law (Military Government ) of Ayub Khan
2nd India Pakistan war UN declares cease-fire
General Yahya Khan becomes the Leader of Pakistan
3rd India Pakistan war results the break of Bangladesh which becomes a separate country.
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto governs the country
Gen. Ziaaul Haq takes over the Country as the Marshal Law administrator
Non Part Elections in Pakistan Mohammed Khan Junejo becomes the Prime Minister
17th August Gen. Zia Ul Haq killed in a Plane crash. Party based Elections held Banazir Bhutto becomes the prime minister
Banazir dismissed from office New Elections held and Nawaz Sharief becomes the prime minister
Nawaz Sharief's resigns and Banazir takes over in the new elections
Banazir was dismissed again and Nawaz Sharief takes the office in the new elections & Continues to rule

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