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Pakistan Election Facts

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Pakistan has a federal parliamentary system of government. Our parliament consists of the Upper House (Senate) and the Lower House (National Assembly) and the four provincial assemblies and lastly one Gilgit Baltistan Assembly. According to Pakistani constitution Elections for the national and provincial assemblies must take place every five years. National Assambly is lead by the Prime minister and each Provincial assembly is lead by the chief minister of the respective province

There are 4 main provinces in Pakistan besides the Gilgit Baltistan and independent Kashmir

Province Population (1998) National Assembly seats Provincial Assembly seats Capital
Punjab (Central Province) 73621290 148 297 General 66 Reserved Lahore
Sindh (South East) 30439893 61 130 General 29 Reserved Karachi
Balouchistan (South & central Western) 17735912 35 106 general 11 reserved Quetta
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 6565885 14 129 General 99 reserved Peshawar
FATA 3176331 12 - -
Islamabad Capital 805235 2 - -

Latest Number of voters per electoral area

Province / Area Male Voters Female Voters Total Voters
Balochistan 1,915,388 1,421,271 3,336,659
FATA 1,142,234 596,079 1,738,313
Federal Area 337,900 288,064 625,964
Khyber Pakhtun Khwa 7,008,533 5,257,624 12,266,157
Punjab 27,697,701 21,561,633 49,259,334
Sindh 10,490,631 8,472,744 18,963,375
Total 48,592,387 37,597,415 86,189,802

Download District/gender wise count of voters in all districts of Pakistan From election Commission's web site
Download Gender Wise Provincial Breakup From election Commission's web site
Download Province Wise Breakup From election Commission's web site

National Assembly

The National Assembly of Pakistan consists of 342 seats: 272 general seats, 60 reserved seats for the women and 10 seats for the non-Muslims.

General seats are filled by direct and free vote; the reserved seats are filled through a proportional representation system. Political parties are allotted reserved seats according to the number of general seats won by them in the elections.

Of a total of 272 general seats, Punjab has a share of 148 seats, Sindh has 61 seats, the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province (former NWFP) has 35 seats, and Balochistan has 14 seats, with 12 seats going to the FATA and 2 to the federal capital.

Pakistan has held six general elections in the past 22 years in 1985, 1988, 1990, 1993, 1997 and 2002.

The president of Pakistan, at his discretion, appoints a "Chief Election Commissioner" who heads the Election Commission (EC). The Election Commission is an independent and autonomous constitutional body responsible for conducting free, fair and transparent elections.

In 2008, 49 political parties applied for poll symbols with the EC. In comparison in 2002, 77 political parties took part in the election process.


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